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Moreover, there was frustrating relationship between Iran politics as well as the hostage crisis. This happened after Americans allowed the leaders of Shah to settle in the country. This infuriated majority of Iranians that attacked the American embassy and took 58 American hostages. The other factors that prompted the adoption of the doctrine were attacked on Mecca’s Grand Mosque that was blamed on United States. The blame led to the burning of the American embassy in Islamabad (Bogle, 2001). United States was perceived in the region as being hostile to Muslim. The situation was complicated by the Soviet Union invasion of Afghanistan at the end of December 1979 (Bogle, 2001). The invasion was seen as an offensive to Americans as well as a threat to United States interest in the region. The changes taking place in the region led to President Carter’s State of the Union message in January 1980 (Bogle, 2001). The president noted that any force that was seeking to gain control of Persian Gulf region would be perceived as a threat to United States of America interests (Bogle, 2001). Hence, Carter noted that such a move would be opposed by all means necessary including military force. This was seen as a new Carter Doctrine. Hence, United States assumed the overall responsibility for the region defense a departure from Nixon Doctrine.
There was reduced interaction between United States and Afghanistan during the cold war period before adoption of the doctrine. In this period, United States offered little guarantee to Afghanistan security as it offered no direct military assistance. At the time, Afghanistan had sought help to contain the Soviet Union (Barfield, 2010). The failure of guarantee from United States made the country remain neutral. The decision to remain neutral was also based on perceived closer relationship that occurred between United States and neighboring Iran and Pakistan. Hence, Afghanistan was of little interest to United
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The specific macroeconomic issue discussed in this paper is recession and its impact on the regional and global economy. Recession has threatened initially the fiscal viability of the so-called PIIGS countries of Europe or Portugal, Italy, Ireland, Greece and Spain but the crisis has spread to the other European members as well.
The bond between the ‘Superpowers’ and their allies began to relax a bit hence the need to cooperate. The conflicting interests in Europe, the Far East and Middle East, in terms of; the military aggression, expenditure, fighting of communists in Asia, and interests of the oil investments in Middle East made the relations grow (Kraft, 2000).
Though they had been allies against the Fascist powers during the war, Stalin and the Soviet Union soon emerged as a threat to the greatest freedom that the United States held dear: democracy. In preaching communist values, Joseph Stalin represented a threat to not only the freedom of Americans, but also to the rest of the world.
The duration makes the war to be considered a tough slog. During this war, many U.S. troop and other innocent citizens were killed. This led to more troops from US to be deployed in the country. The war got fiercer after the September 11 attacks (Baker, 2009).
The researcher states that following the ending of the World War II, the U.S. and the Soviet Union surfaced in a tight bipolar clash. It is added that in 1947, the Cold War began when the U.S. overtly stated its resistance to Soviet expansion. Nonetheless, as the 1960s drew near, it became obvious that the impacts of these powers were diminishing.
In other words, it is the theme of a president’s foreign policy outlined for the country’s role in international politics. From an academic perspective, it can be called the country’s foreign policy, set by the president to be followed during his term.
These governments received support from the Soviet Union. At the onset of the Cold War, the official policy of the United States on communism had been containment. After the inactions of the Reagan Doctrine, the United States changed its policy of stopping the spread of communism to eliminating the existing governments practicing communism.
The foreign policies are based on the perception of each president and are subject to enactment by other president. It is based on the beliefs, objectives and key priorities of the president after taking office. The doctrines target to change or influence how a particular state or region behaves or governed in order to achieve social, economic, and political objective of the entire state, region, continent or the world.
Both of these features were discussed in the Nixon Doctrine i.e. a presidential doctrine by the current president of that time, President Richard Nixon. The word doctrine here means a statement of official government policy, especially in external affairs and military strategy.
According to the financial times articles, private equity fund managers in the United States were worried on how their incomes were taxed. Other fund managers tried to rewrite agreements with their investors so that
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