Most of the American citizens preferred the two party system over other systems used in other countries. The two parties in the American politics are The Republic and Democratic. Although the system has…
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The two-party system in American politics has created both opportunities and constraints. The two party system creates a number of opportunities. First, the two party system in America is among the most stable political systems in the world. Under the two-party system, the United States has been peaceful and politically stable as opposed to countries with the multi-party system. Secondly, the system is simple and easy for the voters to select their leaders. Voters in the United States only require following the manifestos and strategies of the two parties and choose their leaders under the two parties. The two- party system creates simplicity in understanding, following and voting leaders for the two parties (Janda et al. 23).
However, the two party system being exercised in the U.S. creates more constraints than opportunities. For instance, the two party system limits the choice and options of the American voters in the process of selecting their leaders. Unlike in the multiparty system, voters in the two party system are restricted to choose or vote their leaders from only two parties. For this reason, other potential leaders who may be more efficient and appropriate than the selected ones lack opportunity to be selected in the general elections. Secondly, the system is slowly killing democracy in the U.S. People in America are guided by the opinions and decisions made by leaders from either Republic or Democratic parties. The limitation of opinions, options, and decisions leads to marginalization of some people. The system has led to poor governance and lack of accountability among the elected leaders. Although leaders are found to be unaccountable of public finances, their political parties support them, thus increasing the level of corruption and unaccountability in the U.S (Janda et al. 23).
The founding of the American politics had various perceptions of political parties. For
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This two-party system traces its roots as far back as the American Civil War in the 1860s when the Union and the Confederates battled it out for political rule over its territories. The ideals of these two parties have sometimes been seen at opposing ends of the political spectrum, but for the most part, these ideals have been based on balancing the governance of the American people.
The concept of a party system started in the US and immediately reached other democracies. European scholars Bryce and Ostrogorsky are the pioneers in this concept. The party system of today is adopted from the ideas of Giovanni Sartori who suggested the classification of party systems into the number of relevant parties as well as their degree of fragmentation (Karnoven & Kuhnle, 2000; Lipset & Rokkan, 1967; Sartori, 2005).
The Brazilian government has the right to executive power in the country’s 26 states. A presidential term is four years, though the president can seek re-election for a second term in office. Brazil has always had a multiparty system, which has an average of fifteen parties.
The period was identified as progressive era because of the economic and social revolution witnessed in the American radical states. This period was after the sequence of civil wars that resulted to immense revolution in economic and social lives with extensive penalties for electoral politics (Wayne et al, 249).
Why America has a Two Party system. In any democratic nation, there is a system where political parties get to compare their science of different ways of government. These parties get to control the government by the massive support they get from nominations (Siaroff 2009).
Obstacles to the reform of the U.S. two-party system.
While there have been some minor political parties, also referred to as third parties, in the history of the US, two distinct, competitive parties have exerted their dominance over the American party system.
In England, in the course of the eighteenth century the idea of parties as a part of the governmental scheme had been dawning on the minds of the most acute observers. What is less readily seen is that the English "two party system" was rooted in a traditional struggle for spoils between two distinctly aristocratic functions or divisions of the aristocratically control.
It was a short-lived political party which evolved in the 1840s as a reaction to the mounting split between pro- and anti-slavery movements in the United States and the party was active in the 1848 and 1852 presidential elections in the U.S. The most essential aim of the Free Soil Party was to resist the spreading out of slavery into the western territories of the U.S.
from the independence of the state in 1836 to the year 1952 where for more than a hundred years, the Democratic Party dominated Texas politics to the point of exclusion of the Republican Party. The presidential elections of 1952 changed that dominance since the Republicans