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HDI measures the outcomes of the development process. Basic needs and the Milllenium Development Goals offer strategies by which to achieve such development. Explain and discuss - Essay Example

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This is done in three basic aspects of human development which include the people’s income, their knowledge and their health (Pribula, 2010). The…
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HDI measures the outcomes of the development process. Basic needs and the Milllenium Development Goals offer strategies by which to achieve such development. Explain and discuss
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Human Development Index and the Millennium Development Goals January 11, Human Development Index Human Development Index (HDI) is defined as a summary composite index that measures a nation’s mean achievements (Diego, 2013). This is done in three basic aspects of human development which include the people’s income, their knowledge and their health (Pribula, 2010). The HDI works in such a way that it has goalposts set as the minimum and the maximum that can be achieved in terms of each specific goal. The country’s position in terms of those goalposts is then given to show how responsive it has been and the development that has been noted. The values are given in a range of 0-1 with 0 denoting no development and 1 showing maximum development (Henderson, n.d). The setting of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) called for a measure to evaluate the progress. There the HDI was developed as an alternative measure of the development recorded from using per capita income as before.
Using Human Development Index has been seen as a better way of developing a reliable report especially in the drafting of HDR as in the past development was measured in terms of income only (Jahan, 2001). Per capita income had been seen as a good way of doing such an evaluation as in cases where it is high it shows that the economy is strong and that should also translate to other facets of the same government. However, with the introduction of the Human Development concept in the 1990s, it has been established that there is a need to develop a better means in which the development can be measured. This was followed by the publication of the Human Development Report (Jahan, 2001; United Nations Development Program). Therefore, to realize real development, alternative methods such as the HDI are used to consider issues such as poverty, health and income which are covered in the MDGs.
Bibliography
Diego, Z. R. (2013). The Human Development Index (HDI), London: University of Oxford.
Henderson, J. E. About Human Development. Measure of America: A Project of the Social Science Research Council. Web. http://www.measureofamerica.org/human-development/ Accessed. January 10, 2015.
Jahan, S. (1999). Measuring Living Standard and Poverty: Human Development Index as an Alternate Measure. United Nations Development Program.
Pribula, P. (2010). Human Development Index: How to Cope with with its Limitations. Web. http://www.globalpolitics.cz/clanky/human-development-index-how-to-cope-with-its-limitations Accessed January 10, 2015.
United Nations Development Program. Human Development: Definition, Concept and Larger Context. Read More
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