Download file to see previous pages...
167-168). Indeed, the conflict entails the Boko Haram against Nigeria militancy used to address the Niger Delta situation (Akpan, Ekanem, & Olofu-Adeoye, 2014, p. 151). Notably, the insurgency has led to increased suffering, sexual assaults, harassment, and oppression in the region. The adverse effects of the Niger Delta insurgency call for policy recommendations and adoption of DDR program in the region.
The history of Niger Delta conflicts from 1990 to 2004 involves an investigation of the causes and dynamics of the crisis that evolved from ethnic-based protests against in the 90s to the current Niger Delta insurgency that defines a global problem (Nwajiaku-Dahou, Obi, 2012, p. 167-168). Ken Saro-Wiwa initiated the process of condemning and exposing the suffering experienced by Niger Deltans in the 1990s (Sampson 2009, p. 31-32). Notably, Ken used peaceful and non-violent strategies to address the problem through the Movement for the Emancipation of the Ogoni People founded in 1992 (Afinotan & Ojakorotu 2009, p. 192-193). Moreover, through the Ogoni Bills of Rights established in 1990, Niger Deltans demonstrated their quest to regain their human dignity and fundamental human rights (Sampson 2009, p. 32). However, the Nigeria Mobile Police Force was brutal in managing peaceful youth protests that opposed the activities of Shell (Ojakorotu & Gilbert 2010, p. 5). The militancy used by the federal government led to the rise of Islamic radical youth, Boko Haram that sought to create a strict Islamic state in the north that would address the sufferings and ills propagated by the militancy in Niger Delta (Afinotan & Ojakorotu 2009, p. 192-193).
Moreover, between 1993 and 1996, the Nigerian government formed the Rivers State Internal Security Task Force to repress, harass, suppress, humiliate, and detain members of MOSOP
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
The most widely used definition refers to sustainable development as the development that addresses the needs of the present generation without compromising future generations’ ability to meet their own needs (Worila, 2007, p.153). What makes sustainable development hard to specifically define it in a particular way is the fact that the needs of a society vary across regions and they are hard to specify at one given point in time.
The strong and the weak were both equally affected. Therefore, the results of the plague prompted various public outbursts which rose to new heights. In fact, the religious response, medical view and social response offered a direct explanation on the outbreak of the medieval plague1 (Shackelford lecture, 2006).
In fiscal year 2008 Delta Airlines achieved operating revenues of $22,696 million dollars. Between 2004 and 2008 the company achieved a yearly sales revenue growth of 9.8%. There are over 70,000 people
Santa Barbara is often referred as American Riviera. No matter in which country, culture or climatic condition you belong to, Santa Barbara offers everything to the tourists based on their tastes. This paper briefly analyses Santa Barbara as a tourist
The use of technology has been the key factor which allowed both these firms to remain profitable. However, it is also clear that the technology used was disruptive in nature thus allowing these firms to control costs and bring in more
Further, the voyage helped Columbus acquire royal patronage and, therefore, led three other expeditions to the Caribbean (Taylor & Pease, 1994). The Azteca alongside the Inca empires in Mexico was conquered by Spain in the 16th century. The Empire of Inca was conquered by
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic Niger Delta insurgency and its aftermath for FREE!