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According to Chambers (2003), in a democratic system, the majority impose their will on the minority who in essence has no protection against the more often unlimited power of the majority. All the eligible citizens have by right, equal participation in proposing, developing or creating laws by which their society is run, either directly or through elected representatives. In a democratic system of government, the Majority wields absolute and unlimited power and their decisions cannot be appealed under the established legal system that gives effect to this form of government. More often than not, this opens the door to unlimited tyranny perpetuated by the majority.
As Persson & Tabellini (2006) notes, democratic systems usually take two forms; direct democracy and representative democracy. In the former, citizens participate in all decision-making personally without relying on their representative. The voting population hence has the power to alter constitutional laws, bring forth initiatives or suggestions on law governing them and also institute binding orders against their elected officials such as recalling them even before their terms end for non-performance. They can also take the form of representative democracy whereby people vote in representatives or officials who then come up with initiatives on their behalf
Democracies are more often concerned with group wants or needs in terms of public good. Attitude towards law in a democratic institution is that the will of the majority shall prevail, whether it is governed by emotions without regard to consequences or based upon deliberation. Law making in a democratic form of governance is a rapid process requiring the approval of the majority as determined by voter referendums or polls. More often these referendums give legislators the opportunity to blame faulty laws on the people.
On the other hand a
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To accomplish these tasks, administrators are appointed by the government. They are responsible for implementing the rules imposed by the government. In certain countries the public administrators are mere actors who perform the task of implementing the regulations of the government.
The Federal Bureau of Prisons which operates under the Department of Justice comprises of various institutions, regional offices, staff training centers as well as community correction offices and houses over 218,107 federal offenders as of August, 2012. The BOP facilities currently comprises of 177,042 prisoners while those confined in privately managed security facilities totaled 28,507.
Nations have been implementing the New Public Management (NPM) in order to meet the needs of the public sectors. The Next Steps Initiative that was launched by the British government in 1988 aims at splitting the delivery of services from
Closed model calls for more supervision and top-down hierarchy.
As the news paper report goes, the closed model would require stringent supervision on such organizations (the alternative medicine centre, in this case) by the civic and police authorities. As the
There are more issues than one can think of, and if these are seen from the delivery of value for the sake of the public, then the astounding manner in which public administration is being handled is something to take note of. The constitution
The stakeholders include the criminal justice system, rehabilitative or correctional institutions, private security agencies, political leaders, business community among others. Police departments and the employees have particular expectations of each other. On one hand,
These issue can be, crime rate, education, foreign or bilateral relations, health and social welfare. Almost every country that has a democratic system of governance implements a new public policy every now and then.
The time line for
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