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The book can be used as a manual for the politicians who yearn to win and stay in power as in his literature, Machiavelli guides a prince on the manner to act towards his enemies and applying both force and fraud in the course of war2. Regardless of the perceptions people have concerning politics, the book goes straight to the reality of how things work in what Machiavelli considers as effectual truth. It demonstrates that allies who exist in politics at home and across boarders are never really friends. Among the principles that are championed by Machiavelli is that leaders are always supposed to cover up their real intentions, make sure they cannot be predicted, and regularly act in a manner that is against mercy, faith, humanity and religion, so that they may be able to preserve the state, making ,Machiavelli’s name synonymous with the tyrants who are cunning.
When the dismal perception of Machiavelli in regard to humanity is understood, it becomes easy to appreciate the ethical universe that he operates in as he begins his discussion that touches of virtues that a prince should have by discarding them immediately. According to him, virtues do not have utility and are simply products of a person’s imagination. In Machiavelli’s terms, truth is a factor of the effect or outcome associated with a specific action from the dictator’s perspective but not any intrinsic or rigid standard of value and obvious liberty or freedom is not among them. This creates the definition of the term effectual truth and Machiavelli defines himself as a relativist who adjusts to the situation why favoring dictatorship. This is the same kind of discourse that has been associated with the liberals as well as democrats; it has also been seen and heard in the self-proclaimed conservatives as well as the republicans.
The introduction of a new approach in relation to the traditional political science by
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Hence it happened that Louis XII of France, speedily gaining possession of Milan, as speedily lost it; … For the very people who had opened the gates to the French King, when they found themselves deceived in their expectations and hopes of future benefits, could not put up with the insolence of their new ruler.’ ‘I conclude, therefore, that when a prince has the goodwill of the people he must not worry about conspiracies; but when the people are hostile and regard him with hatred he must go in fear of everything and everyone.
It was these initial clashes that made Machiavelli feel the need to join politics and this entire constant urge and struggle for control led to the ideas of a united Italy in his mind. Machiavelli saw a lot of people take the office and saw the same people go down in the hands of enemies.
In this sense, fortune is described as a double-edged sword. On one hand, there exist those like 'the Prince' whom "fortune and your own qualities promise" greatness (13); while on the other hand, are lowly people like Machiavelli who "endure its relentless malice" (13).
The following issues form the outline for the analysis: how a person's core beliefs about the nature of humanity influence one's leadership actions and attitudes, with specific application in the military; categories and types of power in organizations and connections between power and leadership; the influence of utopian ideas on leadership decisions in the past and how these ideas may influence leadership decisions today; the reasons why or why not a utopian vision can apply to a corporation or a unit in the military; the relationship between followership and leadership is discussed; and, how states of mind (including paranoia) can influence the organization's culture and the behavior of f
Although it was viewed as such by the European society, the book remained to be the most controversial in reference to ruling over a society. The book talks about power and the necessary steps in maintaining that power. (http://www.loyno.edu/seduffy/renaissance.html, Nov.
The circumstances in which he wrote the book were not particularly favourable and the book was misunderstood with the ongoing conflicts and prevailing confusion of the day. He was well aware that he was plunging into a controversial subject which might be attacked by many and would give him a bad name.
According to the report “The Prince” includes theoretical interpretation of the role of a ruler, and gives practical advice how to keep power and maintain strict control. At the beginning of the 21st century, recommendations and pieces of advice given 5 centuries ago are still of vital importance, because the qualities of a leader are universal and cannot be influence by regime.
Machiavelli praised the way Borgia had acted swiftly, decisively and indeed ruthlessly in playing off France, Italian city-states and the papacy against each other, suppressing conspiracies and laying a strong foundation for the future. ( Rust, 1999)
This then was the background of "Il Principe", or "The Prince", in which Machiavelli describes and analyzes the methods by which an ambitious person may attain power, and then retain it through calculated ruthlessness, boundless charm, and ambiguous morality.
The conclusion from this review states what it also reveals is not a man obsessed with power at all cost, but instead a man that held considerably moderate views on governance that found himself in a situation where he felt plain speaking and controversial advice could be used to his own benefit.
In The Prince, Machiavelli views human nature as one in which people are concerned with their interests, and whenever it serves their advantage, humans often display good or bad qualities. During adversities, humans are selfish, immoral and deceitful.
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