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About Western Civilizaion - Essay Example

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Date Western Civilization Are either Machiavelli’s or Erasmus’ styles of leadership relevant to today’s world of the early 21st century? Machiavelli and Erasmus have presented opposing viewpoints on the power of political leadership…
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Download file to see previous pages By contrast, a feared leader would have suitable reason and excuse for their actions, for instance killing people. On the contrary, Erasmus insists that a true prince should always think of his moral obligations to the people under his leadership. In supporting this viewpoint, Erasmus states that a good prince allows and does everything that would bring peace to his country in realizing that war would lead to misfortunes (Spielvogel 353). In my own opinion, I consider these opposing viewpoints as relevant to today’s world of the early 21st century. Machiavelli notes that the belief of honesty as the best policy remains as naive. Thus, the natural selfishness of people would be a more realistic starting point for politics. He maintains that a loved leader would persist in doing what should to be done would not maintain his power but rather undermine it. Therefore, a leader must be prepared to act immorally when necessary in order to maintain his power. He goes on further to say that, a new leader would always be forced to act treacherously, inhumanly, and ruthlessly and disregard the precepts of religion. In this regard, a new leader must be prepared to vary his conduct to suit changing circumstances and winds of fortune that would constrain his power. It would be worth to note that a leader should be capable of becoming immoral when necessary but should as well not deviate from the right conduct if possible, as remarked by Machiavelli (Donskis 74-89). Machiavelli’s theories make his politics modern as they incorporate aspects of interdependence, diversity, and political participation. He pictured the ways of world politics in which the most reliable and hard-hitting leaders would survive through warfare. He constantly opposed the monist tradition in Western rationalism, pluralism, and dualism. The shift from individualism of liberalism to republicanism emphasized in the western political philosophies. The theory of republicanism recognizes the significance of tolerance, private goals, as well as the instrumental value of society. Certain societies will negotiate and deliberate freely on the common goals of the society among the citizens. The concept of tolerance remains a political ideal that limits the power of public institutions since it becomes immensely immersed as an individual virtue into the common consciousness (Donskis 91-94). Furthermore, most men would be more prone to evil than good and as a result, they would tend to ignore societal interests in order to act according to the wickedness of their spirits whenever they have a free scope. Evidence reveals that this wickedness makes people remain in politics while inflating it to the promotion of their factional loyalties or personal interests at the expense of societal interests. Alternatively, people would lose interest in politics as well as a concern for the common good. His advice for achieving civic majesty and sustaining virtue would be to have the community organized so that people become compelled to acquire and uphold liberty through political, institutional, and constitutional arrangements (Donskis 98). In his viewpoint, this could be achieved by either religious teachings and practices, or use of coercive power of law that would force people to place the common good above their private pursuits. In his thought, Machiavelli believes that a mixed government combines and brings out the strong ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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