Date Western Civilization Are either Machiavelli’s or Erasmus’ styles of leadership relevant to today’s world of the early 21st century? Machiavelli and Erasmus have presented opposing viewpoints on the power of political leadership…
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By contrast, a feared leader would have suitable reason and excuse for their actions, for instance killing people. On the contrary, Erasmus insists that a true prince should always think of his moral obligations to the people under his leadership. In supporting this viewpoint, Erasmus states that a good prince allows and does everything that would bring peace to his country in realizing that war would lead to misfortunes (Spielvogel 353). In my own opinion, I consider these opposing viewpoints as relevant to today’s world of the early 21st century. Machiavelli notes that the belief of honesty as the best policy remains as naive. Thus, the natural selfishness of people would be a more realistic starting point for politics. He maintains that a loved leader would persist in doing what should to be done would not maintain his power but rather undermine it. Therefore, a leader must be prepared to act immorally when necessary in order to maintain his power. He goes on further to say that, a new leader would always be forced to act treacherously, inhumanly, and ruthlessly and disregard the precepts of religion. In this regard, a new leader must be prepared to vary his conduct to suit changing circumstances and winds of fortune that would constrain his power. It would be worth to note that a leader should be capable of becoming immoral when necessary but should as well not deviate from the right conduct if possible, as remarked by Machiavelli (Donskis 74-89). Machiavelli’s theories make his politics modern as they incorporate aspects of interdependence, diversity, and political participation. He pictured the ways of world politics in which the most reliable and hard-hitting leaders would survive through warfare. He constantly opposed the monist tradition in Western rationalism, pluralism, and dualism. The shift from individualism of liberalism to republicanism emphasized in the western political philosophies. The theory of republicanism recognizes the significance of tolerance, private goals, as well as the instrumental value of society. Certain societies will negotiate and deliberate freely on the common goals of the society among the citizens. The concept of tolerance remains a political ideal that limits the power of public institutions since it becomes immensely immersed as an individual virtue into the common consciousness (Donskis 91-94). Furthermore, most men would be more prone to evil than good and as a result, they would tend to ignore societal interests in order to act according to the wickedness of their spirits whenever they have a free scope. Evidence reveals that this wickedness makes people remain in politics while inflating it to the promotion of their factional loyalties or personal interests at the expense of societal interests. Alternatively, people would lose interest in politics as well as a concern for the common good. His advice for achieving civic majesty and sustaining virtue would be to have the community organized so that people become compelled to acquire and uphold liberty through political, institutional, and constitutional arrangements (Donskis 98). In his viewpoint, this could be achieved by either religious teachings and practices, or use of coercive power of law that would force people to place the common good above their private pursuits. In his thought, Machiavelli believes that a mixed government combines and brings out the strong
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Western Versus Non-western art.
Different traditions and cultures around the world have unique types of art works. They depict the strengths and weaknesses in those cultures and traditions. Art is an important vessel in the society that can be used to express feelings and emotions towards particular topics.
An example of this rather individual application of justice can be seen when Yoo Kee appears before Judge Dee and at first is unwilling to talk. Judge Dee finds Yoo Kee guilty and warns him that there is a terrible punishment for this crime of treason, which the reader assumes must be some horribly violent execution, and then says “Yet perhaps the great name of your late father and a recommendation from me might bring the authorities to mitigate the fearful fate that awaits you” (Van Gulik, 228).
The main reason why I would not like to live in the kind of society that Machiavelli describes is that he has a very negative view of human nature. He advises the rulers to undertake all sorts of dubious practices in their efforts to retain control of all the power and resources, and at the same time he assumes that the ordinary people are resentful, greedy and lacking in moral fiber.
Admission Personal Statement Western University is a learning institution that provides a variety of courses. As an individual, I have become very interested to join it for my postgraduate course in nursing. This is because of the knowledge that I have obtained from the internet sources and from friends about the university, especially about the nursing department in this institution.
He does not seem to be interested in economic advantages of trade between Tonkin and France. King Louis’ perspective on religion might have existed as a connection between the development of social policy in France and spirituality of Catholic Reformation.
They also believe in fasting, ministering and alms giving, prayer and adoration, confession of faith as the four pillars of faith. On the contrary, Muslims believe that everyone remains free from sin at birth whereas Christians believe that every person remains born of sin at birth.
The religion beliefs are evaluated to be based on monotheistic and Abrahamic notions as expressed by the holy book i.e. Qur’an. The book is determined to be the spoken word of the almighty i.e. Allah consisting of the teachings and specialized background example of Muhammad, the last Prophet of Allah.
Man's mind is a very complex labyrinth of ideas, perceptions, schemas, and many other things which makes him the most rational being ever created. In this light, many thinkers, dating back from the ancient era have already made attempts in studying the manner by which man think and acts.
Some of the major features of the western civilization are organized governance, advanced technology, and specialization of labor. While these factors have been refined to efficiency, they are significantly traceable to ancient
The British, French, Germans, Swiss settlers’ represent the first group of settlers to explore Canada and the United states. Settlers had capital and land, but lacked labour to implement their farming plans. The mass migration in the United States corresponded with
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