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Based on the official report of DHS and the research of David Inserra and Steven P. Bucci, border and aviation security, illegal immigration issue, coast-guard revival, ineffective program management and departmental failure, preventing violent domestic extremism, cyber security, and insufficient research and development are the major issues, which are ranked according to the highest priority issues in the homeland security (Webster, 2008, p. 6-15; Bucci & Inserra, 2013).
The DHS was formed after the attacks of 9/11 with the main objective of the country’s border and aviation security (Webster, 2008, p. 3). The border and aviation security is crucial for the integrity of the country. Considering the ongoing threat of international and domestic terrorism, enhancement in border and aviation security is the topmost concern for the DHS. Illegal immigration is another issue that is affecting the social and economical stability in the US. Various researches have regularly highlighted the direct link between growing crime rates and increasing number of illegal immigrants in the country (Bucci & Inserra, 2013). Hence, it is second most concerning issues which need to be tackled by implementing policies for current immigration laws enforcement. The necessity of coastguard revival is another priority of the DHS. According to the reports, the rate of coastguard operations has increased due to the growing threats to the US marine security and the necessity of protecting the state’s interests in adverse conditions, such as in the hurricanes and Arctic (Bucci & Inserra, 2013). Another significant issue in the DHS is its failure to effectively utilize allocated funds and flaws in management system. It is reported that often crucial homeland security funds are invested in low-valued or unnecessary projects such as, zombie apocalypse simulation in California, or underwater robotic devices in Columbus
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The need for credible defense of the homeland is not a new or recent phenomenon. In fact, the issue has been at the center stage of US government policy since the foundation of the republic. The next section describes some of the issues, events and factors that have influenced the notion of homeland security over the past 200 years.
dness, Response and Recovery Activities and Programs in Disaster Response or Disaster? IMPORTANCE OF THE STUDY QUESTION The Department of Homeland Security is entitled to enhance the security of American citizens from various types of threats. These threats range from various events of terrorism attacks, natural disaster or other large-scale emergency.
b. Size Established in 1961, DIA is liable to provide assistance to operations and planning in the military sectors of the US along with their seizure of weapons serving as an information agent to the Department of Defense and the US Intelligence Community.
“Today, we are taking historic action to defend the US and protect our citizens against the dangers of a new era. With my signature, this act of Congress will create a new Department of Homeland Security, ensuring that our efforts to defend this country are comprehensive and united,” said President Bush.
rrorism by insiders, against natural disasters, against threats to global hegemony, against commercial and economic interests, and against a great range of perceived national interests and concerns.
The mere designation, "Homeland Security", without more, creates more questions than it answers.
Homeland Security leader evaluation should include a broader social utility. This is because the scope of the agency’s work requires significant social engagement. As a result, incorporation of much more social
The Homeland Security activities are governed by the Homeland Security Act that was designed to ensure there is an inclusive national strategy that safeguards the US from attacks and terrorism. With the current issues surrounding Homeland Security, efforts