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Additionally, differences among administrative theory would tend to vary on matters between management and operation, for example, the difference between getting things done and doing things. However, no matter the number of evolving administrative theories, it is the same skill that is required universally; in the industry; government as well as home management (Kennedy and Shultz 2011).
The policy/administration dichotomy was a leadership theory that was popular during the early years of public administration mostly due to business principles used in managing the government (Henry 1975). As years passed by, dichotomy requested for politics to be removed in the administration section of the government. This left politics to officials elected who make policy. In short, Reformers used the idea of policy/administration dichotomy to reform/ change the government structure particularly in both politicians and administrators. The dichotomy theory did not intend to threaten those in power because it ensured that politicians would make relevant policies and other related decisions whilst the administrator would be the person in charge of implementing the made policies. Political neutrality is vital because it enabled the different government officials that are the politicians and the administrators to stick to their roles and ensured that no role was duplicated. In the past, public administration performed in public organization which was only in the grounds of accounting instead of, the actual performance of implementing existing policies. Today, public administration role in decision making is an important role, particularly in the management of and, control of public bureaucracy (Kennedy and Shultz 2011).
The six paradigms by Henry clearly illustrate how public administration has changed and become more defined over the years. The first paradigm is about
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Decision-making can be defined as the process of recognizing and selecting options on the basis of the values as well as inclinations of the individual who is making the decision. The decision-making process comprises of a numbers of optional choices that are required to be considered when making the final choice or decision.
Moreover, it explains the impact in which power and authority is further used in decision making especially in organizations and business entities. Introduction Power Power is a word that has numerous definitions in relation to the use of the concept. The common definition of power is the ability to do something or act in a particular way.
They are important in the resolution of legal disputes. Lawyers must grasp the principles of the rule of law and the hierarchical system in which these sources are classified in order to ascertain which rule prevails when there is a conflict between these sources.
The agencies’ involvement in law include areas such as making rulings on cases in court, adjudication, and/or enforcement of certain guidelines as stated in a country’s constitution (Hocking & Guy, 2010). Administrative law is, therefore, a section of public law.
This is largely to due to the increase in complexity of modern organizations, the number of divisions or sub units within a division through which several decisions has to go through for approval. Apart from this, nine out of ten times an organization faces a situation to take decisions regarding organizational and transformational process.
s of good administration which implies that any decision by the administration needs to be taken only after adopting fair procedures that have the effect of explaining the reasons to the individuals or an association of persons why such a decision is being taken. Especially with
der which certain rules and laws can change with the times often leave scholars and critics categorizing the functions of the constitution and even questioning whether some countries possess a constitution or is ruled under another form of government.
One could agree with FF
Likewise, the educational background, various demographic factors, personal profile, and the situation which calls for the decision significantly influence the kind of decision-making to be used. As briefly explained in one of the course reading, intuitive decision making is