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Through these actions, the powers of passing a law are embedded on the citizens. As a result, the work of their representatives is to enact the law. However, they must consult the members of the public before the law can be gazetted (Cox, 2009). Initiatives are mainly put forward by the members of the public without even the consent of their representatives. On the other hand, recalls gives the members of the public powers to remove their representatives from their offices before the expiry of their terms. Although it’s a rare occurrence especially in the modern democracies, it gives the people an opportunity to take home non-performing officials. As a result, the representatives must work towards the interests of the people. In addition, they must consult the members of the public in order not to work against their will. However, this form of governance has been criticized because it’s slow especially when critical decisions that will affect the state are being made. This is because even illiterate people are given an opportunity to choose on the laws. As a result, it may take time before they understand the contents in the law.
A constitutional republic is a state whereby the president and other elected leaders are representatives of the people. However, their actions and every activity they undertake is governed by the constitution. In this form of government, the constitution has divided the executive, judiciary, and legislature as three distinct branches. In addition, each branch is independent but expected to work with the rest in order to govern the people accordingly. In this republic, the head of state and other officials are either elected or chosen rather than inheriting their positions. As a result, they must safeguard the interests of the people failure to which, the constitution outlines ways of removing them from the office. This is unlike in true democracy where a person can just
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For instance, in various countries and nations, the highways, the railways, electricity, public education and telecommunication systems have been established by governments utilizing significant key supports. Many medical advances and high technologies have been outsourced from the basic-research funded by the governments.
The conclusion states that for public budgeting to be a success, then there is consideration of many factors including the political forces as well as the mindset of the public towards the preparation of the budget where people do not consider the budget as prime. Thus, the major tension in public budgeting lies between public acceptability and public accountability.
I believe that the Doctor of Business Administration (DBA) degree from your esteemed university would enable me to master the said subject area, i.e., business administration, in a comprehensive manner. I have gained professional experience in the field of research by working as a research assistant and a business analyst.
In order to further my skills and competences I also recently acquired additional graduate units from CCNA Cisco Academy. I am applying for admission and financial aid to the Ph.D. program in Public Administration at the Krannert Graduate School of Management, Purdue University.
ce graduating, I took time to actually better understand myself, my commitment towards certain things as well as to gain insight into the problems of others..
Over the period of time, I have volunteered for different campaigns including Kendrick Meek Campaign helping the
Basically, the process can be grouped into four major stages; the drafting stage, legislative stage, the implementation stage and the review and auditing phase. In many of these phases, there is need for transparency, accountability, efficiency and sensitivity to
Readers of his book therefore are able to follow what proponents Frederickson adds to his understanding. The other theorists, for instance, Landau, concentrate in trying to achieve operational efficiency by eliminating
nally, public administrators may also perform fiscal roles such as approving public budgets as well as approval and implementation of public development plans.
No. Whether non-elected or elected, Public administrators are required to be non-partisan when performing public
1 Pages(250 words)Admission/Application Essay
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