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Moreover, the Principle of Double Effect allows an action to be done with an obvious good and bad effect provided that certain conditions are met. According to the article of Quill, he gave Diane barbiturates for sleep, and this medicine has a capability to put his patient into sleep to get rid of the pain and suffering, but the bad effect – it is a main ingredient of Hemlock Society suicide. I have heard a lot about mercy killing and barbiturates for sleep are just about it in the long run. In addition, Virtue ethics is about our very nature. We are the image of God – therefore we are good in nature. John Doe, for example, helps his neighbor in feeding their dogs while they are away because it is his very nature and he expects nothing in return. According to Hursthouse, it is a character trait of a person.
The Natural Law is not based on our natural responses. It is focused on the outcome of an unnatural deed to make one’s life better in a way to relieve the pain and suffering. Sullivan and Pecorino say that human have reasoning. Human beings are rational individuals, in that light, people can define the natural laws and these laws will guide them in their actions. John Doe, for example, drinks medicines to relieve him from pain, but taking too much of it is dangerous or even fatal. The act of taking too much medicine is against the natural law. The drug addicted persons in the rehabilitation center were doing morally wrong for taking prohibited drugs. Taking too much drug is an unnatural act, but this could not be judged as morally right because the result is obviously bad. It’s not about stopping the pain and suffering – it prolongs misery. In the contrary, the Virtue Ethics is different. It is about our character traits. A virtuous person remains virtues even in a difficult situation, unlike the Natural Laws; Virtue Ethics is more about the very nature of human beings. It said that being good is innate in us. When we talk about killing – virtue
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For example, some men are prone to courage while others to temperance, which is natural. In addition, temperamental disposition of human beings to understand some things more than others is a natural virtue that arises from individual to individual. On the other hand, the acquired virtues are those virtues that aim for the public good.
There are three different levels including pre-conventional morality, conventional morality and post-conventional morality. Within each of these is a series of stages, three each per level to complete this theory (McDevitt & Ormrod). While fellow psychologist, Jean Piaget developed a two stage process of moral development, Kohlberg elaborated on the theory to incorporate the methods of thinking used in moral development over an individual's entire life span (Cherry).
Aristotle is on the side of virtue ethicists. Aristotle argues that moral virtue is about right emotion and right action. The moral individual is generally situated in the middle as regards both. Hence Aristotle explains the premise: the virtuous individual feels “both fear and confidence and appetite and anger and pity and in general pleasure and pain… at the right times, with reference to the right objects, towards the right people, with the right aim, and in the right way” (Broadie 100). Simply put, to have emotions that are controlled and nurtured at the aforementioned ways is a distinguishing feature of moral distinction.
The discussion is focused on an analysis of human rights issue as it relates to feminist, utilitarian and race theory perspectives. These applications of human rights however could be explained within the framework of natural or positive law and with a growth of interest in natural law theory, there is a renewed emphasis on the relationship between natural law and human rights discourse.
Hence continuing provisionally delays the issue of whether such moral principle—that which judges is compelled to exercise in their obligation as adjudicators—is or is not a component of the law.1 Human beings, being beneath
It lured the doctors to practice these off-label unethical practices by offering them with rewards and privileges such as ski trips and concert tickets (David, 2008).
Providing wrong prescription usually leads to overdose