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What Does St Thomas Mean When He Claims that Law Is Something Pertaining to Reason - Essay Example

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The author of the "What Does St Thomas Mean When He Claims that Law Is Something Pertaining to Reason" paper argues that St Thomas made an immense contribution in presenting his views concretely and establishing before the world, the logical aspects of the law…
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What Does St Thomas Mean When He Claims that Law Is Something Pertaining to Reason
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Download file to see previous pages art of scholastic research in the study of the theory of rights is his enduring work Summa Theologica in which he expounds his systematic theology of the quinquae viae.
Summa Theologica (1265-1274) contains the gist of St Thomas’s view on all aspects of Christianity including the core teachings of his age. It follows a cycle—God, Gods creation, Man, Mans purpose, Christ, the Sacraments, and back to God. He delves into the various concepts of divinity and explains it with logical and simple reasoning. No wonder it has often been consulted and cited in case of religious discussions and debates over the ages.
Since this essay forms a part of our Theory of Rights course, let us digress a bit and try to understand the background of this essay. A ‘right’ can be defined as a special advantage for obtaining a liberty, a power, an entitlement, or an immunity that someone gains because of his or her particular status. The general notion of right applies in both legal and moral contexts. It was the famous English philosopher Thomas Hobbes who introduced the English term ‘right’ into political philosophy with his interpretation of ius naturale as ‘right of nature’. As he mentions in the chapter 14 of Leviathan:
The right of nature is the liberty each man has to use his own power as he will himself, for the preservation of his own nature, that is to say, of his own life, and consequently of doing anything which, in his own judgment and reason, he shall conceive to be the aptest means thereunto.
John Locke and William Paley also offered their significant contributions towards the body of work of the theory of rights. John Locke also an English philosopher argues that God created people free and equal in the state of nature. Unlike Hobbes, who supported the theory of natural reason and natural law, Locke proposes the theory of natural right. He further said that as such in this condition, no one is naturally sovereign over anyone else. William Paley, a British ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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