This is due to the fact that the majority of convicts on death row are not executed. Many among the condemned expend a lifetime on death row with uncertainty regarding their fate. On account of the death penalty, thousands of…
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In the past the methods of execution were aimed at causing the maximum suffering to the condemned person. This has been replaced by the functional methods adopted by most of the modern governments. The new approach emphasises the killing of the convicted person and not upon the suffering that results from the punishment(Bannister, 2008, p. 167). This indicates a more humane approach to the killing of convicted persons. However, killing a convict is fundamentally wrong.
Punishments serve the important function of averting the dissolution that is noticed in the moral and physical worlds. These punishments come to the notice of the public and remain fixed in their mind. Moral speeches, great truths, moving speeches and strong words cannot achieve what punishment does. In order to prevent violation of the law in the long term, it is essential to have a system of strong punishments(Beccaria, 2011, p. 9). However, the death penalty fails to achieve these objectives. The deterrent effect of such punishment is no longer accepted in the world.
When people have to live independently and in isolation, they are placed in a continuous state of war. The freedom enjoyed by such people is always in danger of being destroyed by others. This forces people to form societies that are governed by laws. These laws ensure that the rights of the people are not harmed. In order to live in a society that is subject to the rule of law, people have to forego a portion of their liberty. It is this sacrifice that provides people with a safe and peaceful life(Beccaria, 2011, p. 9).
In this manner, a depository of surrendered sacrifices is created. The total of the individual liberties constitutes the sovereignty of a country. Something more is required; namely, a defence of individual liberties against the attempts of others to take undue advantage. As such, people tend to retrieve their surrendered liberties. At the same time, individuals attempt to appropriate what belongs to
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According to the opinions of different theorists in the past, the death penalty could in earlier times be considered as a significant measure that could prevent crimes from taking place within a society. This is primarily because individuals committing dreadful crimes if punished with the death penalty could act as an intimidation for other individuals.
The researcher state that he crimes that may lead to a death penalty vary from one country to another and from one religion to another. Same case applies to the methods of carrying out the execution. Some of the crimes that can warrant a death penalty are murder, treason, rape, terrorism, and even adultery in the Muslim religion.
At the beginning of the 20th century, nearly all countries practiced some form of capital punishment, but it is no longer used in most countries (Stearman, 2007). The benefits and drawbacks of the death penalty are debated widely. Can it ever be justified?
In US, many states still continue with death penalty laws. Supreme Court suspended capital punishment during period 1972-76; however, that was resurrected after that. The paper explores why capital punishment should be abolished. US Death Penalty History The below mentioned table depicts death execution history in last few decades in US.
Although death penalty is a very harsh punishment but it is helpful in reducing the crime rate in any part of the world. Death penalty injects a sense of fear into the minds of the criminals, which makes them think twice before planning to commit any sort of violent crime.
In his opinion, “Equality is morally less important than justice and justice is independent of distributional inequalities” (Van den Haag). It is a fact that many of the criminals who committed serious offenses escaped from death penalties whereas criminals who committed less serious crimes forced to accept death penalty.
Advocates of the death penalty contend that it is the only means of serving justice and deterring further capital crimes, while the opposition cites the arbitrariness of the punishment and the wrongful execution of the