The author analyzes the book by Olmos and Paravisini-Gebert on the Creolization of the Caribbean people which sheds light on a new way of recognizing a gist of African unique religions in their mix with Christianity. In this respect, the authors paid much attention to the theme of Creole religions …
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This is why it is difficult to mention only one Creole religion with no clue toward the rest of religions spread over the Caribbean region and all around the world.
The core idea of the opening part is to highlight Creolization as a part of Transculturation which stays apart from the term of acculturation (Olmos and Paravisini-Gebert 3). Hence, due to the oppression supported by the slavery period the transformation of collective identities through religious implementation gave an impulse for the growth of Creole religions. This flow is by no means never-ending as long as the culture of the Caribbean community remains strong and diversified to simply break down. The result of the continuous transformation and transculturation of Caribbean religions is that they are “fundamentally complex, pluralistic, and integrationist” (Olmos and Paravisini-Gebert 4). One should bear in mind that the process of Creolization is always related to change and happenings fundamentally disclosed by virtue of diverse traditional and cultural entities.
Ethnic and cultural symbiosis was experimented on by European colonizers during the slavery period in the Caribbean region. It was all about syncretism and diversity apparent through the sugar industry. Hereby, the transportation of African slaves to the Caribbean made it the center of “African-based religious practices”, as a so-called manifestation of the African uniqueness in traditions, rites and customs (Olmos and Paravisini-Gebert 15). Definitely, it could not but make the European oppressors scared about such weird and mysterious practices which served a total menace to the colonial state of affairs.
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...is to explain how culture of the Caribbean people played a significant role in their struggle for freedom. In the Caribbean society just like many other slave societies, one of the key reasons for the resistances shown towards slavery was the preservation of African culture or melding European cultural forms to establish new ones like Antillean Creole(Kweyol languages). The African culture that included: names, language, craftsmanship, beliefs, scientific knowledge, music, philosophy and dance offered the psychological support deemed necessary by the captives when fighting their enslavers. The act of enslavement went as far as attempting to break the slave’s strength of character and...
...and were undeniably evident in his works. By analyzing his poems and studying the chronicles of his life, readers not only encounter the contrasting beauty that resulted from anguish and turmoil, but they gain a true understanding of a prolific writer's fervent desires and limitations to overcome struggles.
Breiner, Laurence A. An Introduction to West Indian Poetry. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1998.
Jennings, Lisa Gay. "Renaissance Models for Caribbean Poets: Identity, Authencity and the Early Modern Lyric Revisited." MS Thesis. Florida State University, 2005.
Laughlin, Nicholas. "What the Leaves Hear." The Caribbean Review of Books. 11 February...
...Voodoo and Santeria in Latin America and the French CaribbeanIntroduction The religions of the Caribbean and Latin America, including Creole regions such as Haiti, Trinidad, the Bahamas and Cuba, Puerto Rico and Jamaica, and landed areas such as Honduras, Guyana and Venezuela, Columbia and parts of Mexico which are known as the Diaspora, is commonly viewed through observation of the most well-known religious observance in the area: Voodoo. This religion is seen not only in Haiti, where its origins lie, but also in Mexico and South America, and most famously in New Orleans, where its practitioners have included Dr John, the shaman...
Theorists disagree on the definition of creole culture. Some theorists point to Voodoo and Rastafarian religions as elements of creolisation while others parallel the afro Caribbean culture on a whole with creolisation. In order to arrive at a compromise one has to examine certain principles. One of the main principles involves moving away from the search for origin and focusing instead on the available features that will lead to better understanding.
The overwhelming interest in creole and its origin has created new waves in contemporary research and studies in the Caribbean region. What has been revealed in the recent past shows...
...of other types of pidgins.
Creole now includes a larger number of languages than before. Questions have arisen as to which groups of languages be classified as creoles or pidgins. Considerations have also been given to breaking down both languages into sub groups and sub types. One should also pay attention to the proximity to the source language. There is also the issue of the varying degrees of creoles as spoken in some Caribbean states, for example. The question as to what extent socio cultural and socio historical factors play in the development of the languages should also be considered.
Mufwene argued that the term pidgins and creoles were loosely...
...The acquisition of language is very phenomenal. There is much evidence of this phenomenon in pidgin and creole speakers. It has been suggested that the dominant language of a speaker may not be his mother tongue. There has to be some overwhelming conditions, however, that would propel someone into speaking another language more than his mother tongue. Apart from social conditions a bilingual person’s use of the dominant or other language is a reflection of his linguistic confidence and assertion.
Creole speaking has taken on more significance in contemporary times since more studies and researches have been dedicated to both creole and pidgin languages. Although there are still many...
...No: Tainos, the Arawaks and the Caribs of the Caribbean Arawaks are considered the first settlers of Antilles. Because of early arrival in the region, Arawaks were living a very good and peaceful life. Tiones and Arawaks had a unique style of construction and each society was sort of a small kingdom with a separate leader. They rely on meat and fish as basic food source and used rivers and seas for transportation. They followed their religion and their gods were called ZEMI. Different Caribbean leaders established relations with Columbus on his arrival in the region. Provinces and their relations with Columbus shall be amply highlighted in this paper.
Tiones and Arawaks lived a peaceful...
...ReligionsReligions The Biblical David is widely regarded as a man who had been after God’s heart. King David receives more attention in both the Old and the New Testament than any other Biblical characters. In the New Testament, David is treated as a key figure in the redemption of Israel (Boda, 2007). There are two reasons to support this assertion. First, the Pharisees seemed to believe that Jesus was David’s descendant (Mat 22: 43), a clear indication that he was an important theological figure among them. Secondly, the New Testament links David to the bloodline of Jesus. David, therefore, is a source of authority among Christians.
David’s background also indicates that he was a man after God’s heart....
...Sport Psychology for Youth Coaches BookAnalysis By Institution
1st, June 2014
Frank Smoll and Ronald Smith are professor in the University of Washington. Smith is a specialist in clinical psychology dealing with personality, stress and how to cope out of great challenges. He is also a researcher in sport psychology. Smoll, on the other hand, researches on coaching behaviors and how to increase the efficiency in the sporting career of young athletes. Both has engaged in research on sports among children and adolescent and are the author of Sport Psychology for Youth Coaches: Developing Champions in Sports and Life. The book discusses the psychology of sporting activities and the important...
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The authorial perspective towards the general culture of the Weimar years has overall been a favorable one. Craig states emphatically that the Weimar period is second to none in German history, in terms of its contribution to science and the humanities. The primary reason why this was possible was the spirit of Republicanism that was steadfastly upheld by the regime. Artists and intellectuals were given the freedom and encouragement to express themselves, without any obligation to come to the State’s rescue in the future course. Unfortunately, this situation unraveled... 1866-1945 by...
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