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Darwin argued that since variability and natural selection were the key reasons behind organisms’ adaptive changes, they could apply this concept in sociological, cultural and religious transformations (Dow, 69). Numerous theories also serve to explain the nature of religious behaviors, and the reason behind the existence of diverse religious beliefs. Experts deem man to be a religious animal, owing to his desire to explain various natural phenomena and his fears of the mysterious natural and spiritual ideas. Besides, religious beliefs are deemed critical owing to a number of benefits (Dow, 69). For instance, various religions are critical in promoting a healthy lifestyle, in both mental and physical aspects. Additionally, religion serves to promote altruistic cooperation among individuals within denominational in-groups.
The evolution of religion leads to the inquiry of the origin of various religious beliefs that transformed into modern religions (Matthews 219). The emergence of such practices as the magic and divination within Europe in the 19th century were deemed as remnants of the religion evolution, similar to the vestigial organs in evolving organisms (Matthews 221). Additionally, the cultural change civilization shifts served critically to explain the concept of religious evolution. However, Durkheim highlighted a critical aspect that elucidated the inexistence of religious evolution, through the explanation that such practices were ever-present. Durkheim explains that such origins were the transformation of religious beliefs from the non-civilized ideas to more civilized ones (Matthews 221).
In another perspective, critics may argue that, during the evolution of man in the ancient times, man developed the communication capability (Sosis 319). This was significant in capacitating humans to share their feelings by means of syntactic communication his inner forms with his peers. Man’s
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Prior to Darwin, though some naturalists had speculated about modification of species, they failed to explain why and how species change. They also believed that evolution began with special creation of only a fixed number of species. Partially influenced by Thomas Malthus' essay on the Principle of Population and stimulated by a letter from Alfred Russell Wallace, Charles Darwin in 1859 discussed the evolution of species through natural selection in his famous work titled On the Origin of Species, which entirely revolutionized the earlier concepts of evolutionary biology.
The history of Christian teachings became clearly spelt from the first century and is recorded in the New Testament. Christianity borrowed heavily from Judaism and other pagan concepts. A feature such as observation of Sunday as the Sabbath day was borrowed from non-Christian Romans while Christmas concepts were borrowed from Babylonians.
The history of the theory of evolution proves that the growth and development of modern science forced the scientists to deny creation theory and accept the theory of evolution. As the theory of evolution is formulated upon the strong foundation of scientific evidence, not upon mere assumptions or hypotheses, the same can be considered as a window to the evolution of life on earth.
“On a more general level the very fact that alien life exists would mean that we are not the centre of the universe. While most religions now recognize that the earth is just a lump of rock, they still believe that WE human beings are the most important thing in creation, that we occupy a special place in God's plan.” (Riley, 2003) However, the presence of the extraterrestrial creatures endorses upon the very fact that God’s powers and schemes are not confined to human race or single planetary life only.
The concept of marriage originates in religion. Almost all religions have declared marriage as the sole means by which people can satiate their sexual cravings without having to disobey their Creator. This paper draws upon various religious and literary scriptures to lay a brief account of the history of marriage.
Darwin's work raised concerns among fellow naturalist as his theory was contrary to the popular view of many. This revolutionary theory described the nature of struggles involved in a changing habitat, which affected all species including man. Darwin’s theory illustrates the development of complex organisms through mutations to facilitate changes in the habitat of simple ancestral organisms, which explains evolution.
Those who remain willfully ignorant believe there is a debate to be had regarding the age old question of ‘how we got here.’ They insist the Biblical version and not the scientific theory of evolution holds the true answer. The
rst century) (Lindberg 2009); while Islam was founded by Prophet Muhammad in Makkah (currently in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia) in year 610 AD (Maps 1999).
Since the start of both these religions, they have always been constantly spreading in all parts of the world. Some parts
There are two reasons to support this assertion. First, the Pharisees seemed to believe that Jesus was David’s descendant (Mat 22: 43), a clear indication that he was an important theological figure among them. Secondly, the New Testament links David to the bloodline of
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