StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...
Free

Umayyad vs Abbasid in Expanding the Dar Al-Islam - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
This paper under the headline "Umayyad vs Abbasid in Expanding the Dar Al-Islam" focuses on the fact that the Umayyad Caliphate (661-750 AD) reallocated the political hub of Islam from Madina to Syria and the capital was moved from Kufa to Damascus as well.  …
Download full paper File format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.1% of users find it useful
Umayyad vs Abbasid in Expanding the Dar Al-Islam
Read Text Preview

Extract of sample "Umayyad vs Abbasid in Expanding the Dar Al-Islam"

Umayyad vs. Abbasid in Expanding the Dar Al-Islam The Umayyad Caliphate (661-750 AD) reallocated the political hub of Islam from Madina to Syria andthe capital was moved from Kufa to Damascus. The Umayyads expanded the borders of the Dar Al-Islam from Syria to North Africa, Central Asia and Spain in all directions and converted the Islamic Empire into a rational state. North Africa was conquered by Uqbah which lead to the foundation of Kairouan. Qutaybia conquered Transoxiana by crossing the Oxus River. Tariq bin Ziyad and Moosa bin Nusair brought Spain under Muslim Rule. Muhammad bin Qasim conquered Sindh in India. But, the unsuccessful attack of Constantinople in 717 AD destabilized the realm.
The Abbasid Cliphate (750-1258 AD) shifted the capital from Damascus to Baghdad. In Abbassid Dynasty, Spain and much of Africa did not come under the rule of Abbasid and self-governing empires came up in the east of the Abbasid Empire. The Abbasid Caliphs spent their days in idle leisure which brought the period of conquests to an end. Again, from 756 AD to 929 AD, Umayyad Dynasty was resumed in Spain (Andalus).
Thus, the Umayyads played a much better role in the expansion of the Dar Al-Islam as compared to the Abbasids.
The Ottoman Turks conquered Constantinople on 29 May, 1953 and it became the new capital of the Ottoman Empire. Mehmed I had to face much criticism when he proposed to assault Constantinople in 1952. The Ottoman Court disapproved of Mehmed’s confidence in his abilities and blamed him for being too rash. Mehmed had the European Castle constructed at the Bosphorus shore and began moving his troops to surround the city of Constantinople. He gave an ultimatum to the Byzantine emperor Constantine XI to admit defeat which he declined. Thus, the siege began which lead to the fall of Constantinople on May 29, 1953. Read More
Tags
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(Umayyad vs Abbasid in Expanding the Dar Al-Islam Essay, n.d.)
Umayyad vs Abbasid in Expanding the Dar Al-Islam Essay. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/religion-and-theology/1561307-essay-questions
(Umayyad Vs Abbasid in Expanding the Dar Al-Islam Essay)
Umayyad Vs Abbasid in Expanding the Dar Al-Islam Essay. https://studentshare.org/religion-and-theology/1561307-essay-questions.
“Umayyad Vs Abbasid in Expanding the Dar Al-Islam Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/religion-and-theology/1561307-essay-questions.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Umayyad vs Abbasid in Expanding the Dar Al-Islam

Expanding Internationally

...? Expanding Internationally Expanding Internationally The company has traditionally pursued a corporate strategy of unrelated diversification. Its products can be outlined as follows: Luggage. This line of products is geared towards low-end markets and is, thus, not constructed on a wheel base. Writing instruments. This line of products targets middle-market segments. Color televisions. This line of production is concentrated on high quality LED televisions. Miscellaneous plastic and paper tags. This line is mainly sold as office supplies. By definition, related diversification calls for the operation of several but fundamentally related businesses (Griffin and Pustay, 2010; Neelankavil, 2007). Through a related diversification strategy...
3 Pages (750 words) Assignment

Islam

..., finishing only at the starting of the twentieth century (Europe and Islam: Shared History, Shared Identity, 2006). According to history, Muslim scholars have contributions in fields of psychology, philosophy, ethics, education, mathematics, chemistry and humanities. ‘Abu Bakr Mohammad Ibn Zakariya al-Razi (864-930 A.D.) is a renowned scholar in the history of Islam. He made great contributions in the field of medicine and was a known philosopher. His contribution is of a great value to the people of the religion and is compared to that of another scholar named Ibn Sina. Al- Razi was known to have written many books in the field of medicine which included Kitab al- Mansoori,  Kitab al-Mulooki and others.  Kitab al-Mansoori was a book...
4 Pages (1000 words) Essay

Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah

... Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah was a Kuwaiti ruler, who ruled his country from31 December 1977 to January 2006. As a leader, Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah had mastered the art of leadership from a young age. At least he was 23 years-old, when he got a career in public office. His leadership skills were highly influenced by his family, especially his father, Shaykh Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, who was the ruler of Kuwait when Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah was still a young boy. Nonetheless, Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah is remembered today as being the thirteenth ruler of Kuwait, having ruled the country for close to thirty years. Therefore, he greatly influenced Kuwait, and contributed...
3 Pages (750 words) Speech or Presentation

Islam vs. Christianity

... Islam vs. Christianity Christianity and Islam share various differences and similarities. Nonetheless, these are the two major religions in the world today, in addition to the others such as Hinduism and Buddhism. A major similarity between Islam and Christianity is that these share common roots, and both can be considered as Abrahamic religions. Apart from this, these religions have doctrines, which their followers are taught. These also have messengers, who are believed to play the role of spreading the religion and its doctrine. However, a major difference between Islam and Christianity is that these have varying perception of God, and their doctrines are different. Nonetheless, this essay will address the comparison between Islam...
3 Pages (750 words) Essay

Philosopher of Islam Al-Kindi

...INTRODUCTION This paper provides an insightful study on the thoughts of al-Kindi as a philosopher so as to identify and authenticate him as the first and foremost true philosopher of Islam. Before him, Islamic philosophy was confined to the knowledge of religious principles through revelation. Theologians used to study this knowledge and illustrate the meaning and ideologies of Islam as bestowed upon human beings by God. Al-Kindi's works however suggest a different and distinguished approach to religion and God's existence. Like theologians, he was a firm believer in God but he struggled to harmonise religion with reasoning. He authenticated the Quranic principles and the phenomenon of God's existence through theoretical reasoning...
14 Pages (3500 words) Essay

World Religions: Judaism vs. Islam

... and Jordan recognize Israel. The rest of the Muslim countries do not acknowledge Israel. In fact, the Arabic countries call for the total annihilation of the Israel state. It is common for Muslim leaders to denounce Israel as evil. Jews are fair game for Muslim extremist. Other than war, Muslim extremist have targeted Jews all over the world. On example is the taking of an El Al airplane. This flight was diverted to Entebbe, Uganda. The Palestinian terrorists separated the Jews from everyone else. They kept the Jews for ransom of Palestinian prisoners. Everyone else got to go home. Israeli commandos saved almost all of the hostages, losing only one soldier. The Palestinians targeted the plane because of Jews. Islamic...
6 Pages (1500 words) Article

Christianity vs Islam in the Middle Ages

... here here here April 8, Christianity vs. Islam in the Middle Ages In 1993, Samuel Huntington wrote about the clash of civilizations which would dominate the future of global politics1; however, Europe’s medieval history has already witnessed such a clash between the VII and XV centuries, when Islam and Christianity fought to dominate the Mediterranean region and the heartland of the European continent. At first glance, this is a dark age in Europe’s history, full of violence, martyrdom, enslavement and continuous crusades and “holy wars” initiated by both Muslims and Christians. An age of chivalry and all romantic elements related to it, as depicted by mass culture. However, it was, modern historians agree, a dynamic string of centuries...
5 Pages (1250 words) Essay

Expanding Medicaid

... Read the Kaiser Commission Paper "Expanding Medicaid" in the articles section. Do you agree with the papers findings? Why?Look at the state examples in the paper. If you had your choice, what would be your recommendation to Colorado? The Kaiser commission provides assessment of health care accessibility and cover in low earning population. Based on the Kaiser Commission paper, I totally agree with their findings on expanding Medicaid. The commission’s paper is very detailed with real illustrations drawn from reliable sources that not only make it credible, but believable as well. A closer look at the paper, reveal that it has not only forecasted the expected challenges but has also come up with relevant mitigations to counter...
1 Pages (250 words) Article

Expanding business

... Expanding business Geography: Vietnam is located in the southeastern part of Asia in the Indochinese peninsula. Its area is about 331,690 square kilometer (VBN Para 2). Vietnam borders China on the north, to the west Laos, Cambodia and Gulf of Tonkin, and to the east South China Sea. The land of Vietnam is S-shaped that runs for as long as 3,260 kilometers. Vietnam is divided into 58 provinces and 5 municipalities. Vietnam can be divided into four geographical regions; low region, flat delta region in south and north, central highlands, and mountainous in far north and northwest (VBN Para 5). Vietnam has a varied climate. In the north, the average temperature is around 27° C and 21 °C in the south. Generally, Vietnam has a tropical...
2 Pages (500 words) Essay

Abbasid caliphate

...The Abbasid Caliphate holds its place in an important phase of Islamic history. They came to ascension at a time when the Umayyads had vacated the seat of administration. It was the third out of the total of four Caliphates that the Muslim history has seen. The founder of this dynasty was Abbas Ibn Abd Al- Muttalib. It came to power in the middle of 8th century A.D (762 A.D). Their capital city of administrative functioning was Baghdad (Joseph, 2011, 452). The ruled for good four centuries afterwards and their demise and decline came about towards the middle of the 13th century. They gradually grew weak in power and the final blow came about at the hands of the Mongol rulers, Hulaku Khan was the most prominent of them. The Abbasid Dynasty...
1 Pages (250 words) Essay

Critical Analysis of An Inconvenient Truth as Presented by Al Gore

“The recent surge in land-based ice melting is alarming because of the implications for global sea levels. Land-based ice is ice propped up above sea level. If it melts, the runoff increases sea levels, if a big chunk of land ice were to melt, world sea levels could rise by up to 20 feet” (Beyerstein, 2006). Gore displays a series of maps simulating the effect of such a sea-level rise on coastal cities in several low-lying regions of the world. Sea levels would rise by another 20 feet if a chunk of Greenland melted. If sea levels rose by 20 to 40 feet, rain patterns would radically change and flooding would inundate many regions while others experienced droughts on an unprecedented scale. “With Katrina’s de...
8 Pages (2000 words) Movie Review

Symbolic vs. Functional Recruitment: Wendys

There is social inequality in India, a difference like lack of teamwork, managers like working individually unlike the Americans, the Indians give priority to culture and family over work while for the Americans work takes precedence. Both are risk-takers and developing personal relations is important for the American while it isn’t for the Indians. Such differences can make it difficult for them to work together.
The next part of the report focuses on expatriation and repatriation. The national culture might make it difficult for the expatriates to adjust unless laws and regulations are established to initiate an effort to encourage better-coordinated work between the two. The expatriates might feel insecure about thei...
16 Pages (4000 words) Assignment

America Vs Let America be America

His poem “Let America be America”
When Claude McKay was just twenty years old, he published his first book of verses titled “Songs of Jamaica” which dealt with his impressions of Black life in America. He wrote on various subjects that included love and romance using very passionate language. Later on, the main themes he wrote on, time and again was about the sufferings and injustice meted out to the blacks in America. In the earlier part of the twentieth century, his literary achievements had a great influence on the Harlem Renaissance. He was greatly respected by the younger generation
Langston Hughes completed his college education at Lincoln University, Pennsylvania. It was at Lincoln, Illinoi...
7 Pages (1750 words) Book Report/Review

Cultural Value Orientations: German vs. Turkish

When organizational culture is discussed in the context of national culture, it is based on certain assumptions. According to Schein (2004 qt. Browaeys and Price 2008) culture can be defined as:

"...a set of basic assumptions - shared solutions to universal problems of external adaptation (how to survive) and internal integration (how to stay together) - which have evolved over time and are handed down from one generation to the next".

External adaptation here refers to factors or culture which the management can control while internal integration means the relationship which binds them to the group. In this context management styles and approaches are often influenced by the cultural value orientation - that...
7 Pages (1750 words) Case Study

Wicca Women and the Ladies of Islam

“The history of woman is the history of the continued and universal oppression of one sex by the other. The emancipation of woman is her restoration to equal rights and privileges with a man.” - Tennesse Claflin. The distinction between male and female sex has been a common practice in the history of mankind. We don’t know whether this distinction was there during the beginning of human civilization. But in a later period after human civilization female sex was assumed as inferior to the male sex. Naturally many restrictions were imposed on her just because she is physically weaker than the man.

As far as religious practices are concerned, the role of women in Islam and the Wicca religion is very impor...
8 Pages (2000 words) Coursework

The British Constitution vs The Human Rights Act 1998

This research essay analyses the above statement and arrives at a conclusion.
Integration of the provisions of ECHR into U.K’s domestic law by way of HRA 1998 can be regarded as revolutionary as it facilitates the majority of the ECHR rights provisions directly applicable in the U.K. Before that integration, a U.K Court has to presume that when there is a clash between U.K’s domestic law and ECHR rights provision, the ECHR rights provision will always prevail. This principle has been laid down in R v Secretary of Home Dept ex parte Brind1 and R v Secretary of Home Dept ex parte Thakrar. 2
Courts have now the power to declare any statue which they find incompatible with ECHR provisions and order for fine-tunin...
9 Pages (2250 words) Case Study

John Rawls vs Robert Nozick: Social Justice

It is logical to look at political philosophy within the framework of history and ethics emerging from it. As could be observed, the question of justice, and how we perceive its nature has remained the prime concern throughout history. This will include, among other things, the existence of specific obligations towards each other and towards the state, the existence of natural rights, claims of property/liberty and equality.

In face of this, the Anglo-American political philosophy has seen famous philosophers like John Rowels, Robert Nozick and recently Amritya Sen to focus on issues and arguments concerning the above...(political Philosophy, 2005 pp1)

As political philosophy is about politics mainly, it s...

6 Pages (1500 words) Coursework

Improving the Mentoring Program of Dr Hussa Al Husine

Emily's immediate supervisor deems her ‘over-enthusiasm’ as an impediment to her efficiency at work. Thus, she is recommended to lessen the time she spends for every patient.
Although she understands her supervisor’s recommendation from a business operation’s point-of-view, she is still adamant in her belief that gaining customer insights is crucial in aiding the pharmacy in better developing its line-up of medicinal offers. Carrying this burden, Emily consults her mentor in The Medical Nation, Dr Hussa Al Husine.
The mentoring session with Dr Husine happens twice a week for three weeks after Emily’s daily working period. Even without having a firm background in professional coaching, Emily thin...
10 Pages (2500 words) Coursework

The Position of Women in Islam

...Status of Women under Islam by Introduction Muslim society is traditionally critiqued for the position of women in Islam. Islamic religious law, Sharia, presupposes differences between men and women rights and obligations. The differences can be seen in the questions of marriage, divorce, education, law, and clothes. Western society considers any limitation and restrictions to be blameworthy. However, it is impossible not to take in the account the fact that men and women are not the same, and treating them in similar way is illogical. Men and women want different things in life and are destined for different things in life. Thus, basing on the long-term observation of men and women nature Islam offers a separate way of treating women...
6 Pages (1500 words) Term Paper

Old Myths vs Modern Empires

In the modern world, American society has been facing constant challenges from the Islamic jihadist groups due to which significant invasions were made in the Islamic countries, such as Afghanistan.

The main differences between the approaches made by American society and the Barbarian society were the purpose behind the invasions. The American society invaded Afghanistan after facing violent attacks from the Islamic anti-social groups. However, the Barbarian invasions in Rome signified the use of power by the leaders in order to capture territories and increase their kingdom. The main purpose behind the attacks made by the U.S. administration was to eliminate the terrorist groups from the world and make the world free f...
10 Pages (2500 words) Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Umayyad vs Abbasid in Expanding the Dar Al-Islam for FREE!

Contact Us