Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Critique of the article entitled Images of Women in Early Buddhism and Christian Gnosticism - Essay Example

Comments (1) Cite this document
This paper will critique the claims by the author where she attributes both scriptures supporting the myth that the disgrace of humanity from God’s grace can be directly attributed to the actions of women who tasted the forbidden fruits of the earth.
Download full paper File format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.3% of users find it useful
Critique of the article entitled Images of Women in Early Buddhism and Christian Gnosticism
Read Text Preview

Extract of sample "Critique of the article entitled Images of Women in Early Buddhism and Christian Gnosticism"

Download file to see previous pages The research question for the paper is clearly stated as: “Why should these negative attitudes towards women persist when we know that women actively supported and participated in the religious life of both Buddhist and Gnostic communities?”. This research question is very important given that it shows that the author has point to prove especially with regards to the way women are treated by their male counterparts in different religions especially the two mentioned above. Lang is also try to portray different views that are held by various scholars with regards to the way women are viewed in different religious sectors. In terms of coverage of the topic, it can be seen that the author used different scholarly studies though they are limited about what Gnostic and Bhuddist religions say about women. For instance, Pagels is one of the most cited scholarly article in this research. The credibility of the literature used becomes doubtful which can negatively impact on the article’s authenticity. On the other hand, it can be observed that the major problem the author tries to address is that women have been active participants in religious activities but they are labelled as evil and improper. The author suggests that women are sensual and responsible for seducing man. Both religions suggest that the wrong doing of women disrupted the world which was once perfect. This thesis statement seeks to show that the author is of the view that women are responsible for human kind’s disgrace on earth. A critical reading of the article shows that the author restates the thesis throughout the article and she tries to answer the research question identified above in the article. The way she presents her argument is convincing since she is relying on other scholarly articles. The author uses different claims in supporting the myths that both religions mentioned above suggest that human kind fell from God’s grace after eating forbidden fruits. The Buddhist myth posits to the effect that men’s disgrace came after he tasted the food known as ‘female.’ These claims tend to blame women but men are also involved in the commission of this particular sin. They must also be labelled as imperfect just like their male counterparts. This part is not quite convincing to the reader since all the blame is laid on the women while men too are involved. The evidence presented by the author in advancing her argument shows that women are viewed as agents of the devil since they are responsible for driving men into committing sins that have led them to fall from humanity. The argument is supported in “Temptress” Daughter of Evil (5) where women are portrayed as inferior and temples of the devil by the Bhudhists. Women are viewed as purely sensual with uncontrollable desires in a number of Bhudhist texts. Therefore, it can be argued that women are not evil since they cohabitate with their male counterparts. this is the view being presented by Lang in her article. The author also says that even Christianity also states that holiness can be fully achieved if men live a life of purity as ...Download file to see next pages Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Critique of the article entitled Images of Women in Early Buddhism and Essay”, n.d.)
Critique of the article entitled Images of Women in Early Buddhism and Essay. Retrieved from
(Critique of the Article Entitled Images of Women in Early Buddhism and Essay)
Critique of the Article Entitled Images of Women in Early Buddhism and Essay.
“Critique of the Article Entitled Images of Women in Early Buddhism and Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (1)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
ffunk added comment 1 year ago
Student rated this paper as
This paper saved me today. I liked the structure. It was very useful for my religion and theology course.

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Critique of the article entitled Images of Women in Early Buddhism and Christian Gnosticism

Article Critique

The mission of LEAD is to inspire students with excellent academic performance and leadership skills, and who come from different cultures, to pursue business careers. Data collection was triangulated through semi-structured interviews, field observations, and analysis of secondary documents. Analysis included initial coding, pattern coding, and creating a conceptual framework. Findings showed that the themes were: 1) rationales ranged from self-interest to altruism; 2) the rationales changed throughout time; 3) rationales differed in their level of straightforwardness; and 4) the dynamics of rationale building frequently transformed into significant programmatic differences. Siegel (2008) concluded that it is possible that the s...
3 Pages (750 words) Essay

Article Critique

...? Article Critique History and Political Science Article Critique Introduction From Chapter 3 on Federalism, the presented relevant issues pertaining to aspects on federalism that would be instrumental in gaining an in-depth understanding of the subject. Among the topics that were expounded included discussion of: (1) why federalism? (2) the constitutional framework; (3) the changing nature of federalism in America; (4) a discussion on local and state governments; (5) public policy and federalism with focus on education; (6) federalism and democracy; (7) other relevant concerns regarding the federal political system; and finally (8) Supreme Court cases (Greer, Schiller and Segal 73). To comply with the requirements of writing a critique...
3 Pages (750 words) Essay

Summary of Images of Women in Early Buddhism and Christian Gnosticism

... that are held by the two religions in question. Part 2 Title: Summary of the article entitledImages of Women in Early Buddhism and Christian Gnosticism’ by Karen Christina In the article entitledImages of Women in Early Buddhism and Christian Gnosticism’ Karen Christina suggests that although Eastern and Western religions, namely: Buddhism and Christianity in particular are viewed as different they are somehow similar in many respects. These religions are based on myths that attempt to label women as evil given that their bodies are mainly comprised of elements of sexuality that are the major causes of sin. In other words, women are viewed as corrupt and they are often viewed as the root of all evil. These myths are supported in both...
6 Pages (1500 words) Essay

Article Critique: Women in Combat

... Article Critique: Women in Combat Introduction James W. Revels is a retired U.S. Army colonel and a contributing editor of DefenseWatch, the official magazine for Soldiers For The Truth (SFTT), an educational organization started by a group of concerned veterans and citizens to inform the public, the Congress, and the media on the decline in readiness of the U.S. armed forces (SFTT 2008). In Revel's article, "Time to Rethink Women in Combat", published March 9, 2004, he writes about why women should not be put on combat duty. His purpose is to influence the people concerned with making decisions to reconsider such if it means allowing women to be placed in combat situations. He argues that women on combat duty do not contribute...
4 Pages (1000 words) Book Report/Review

Women in Early Buddhism and Christian Gnosticism

... Number: Women in early Buddhism and Christian Gnosticism In “the images of women in early Buddhism and Christian Gnosticism “the author argues that though people tend to think of eastern and western religions as separate and distinct traditions, their ancient scriptures exhibit some remarkable similarities. The writer shows how the authors of early Buddhists and Christianity depicted women as being inferior, dirty, less rational, susceptible to weakness of the flesh and do not command any respect (Gutschow 95). The Buddhist and Gnostic myths explain how the current degenerate state of humanity came about and the fall of humanity from perfection, bringing about distinctions such as male and female, heaven and earth. Women...
1 Pages (250 words) Essay


...Running head: Critique of Early Christian Text Critique of Early Christian Text: Polycarps Letter to the Philippians by The of the Class (Course) Professor (Tutor) The Name of the School (University) The City and State where it is located The Date Critique of Early Christian Text: Polycarps Letter to the Philippians St. Polycarp was Bishop of Smyrna, situated in the north of Ephesus. He was the leading figure in Roman Asia in the 2nd century due to his works at the stage of creation of fundamental theological Christian literature. Historically, from the writings of St. Irenaeus, we know he created “a link between the apostolic and patristic ages”, being taught and was given episcopate by the original Apostles (Commentary on Polycarp’s...
4 Pages (1000 words) Essay

Images of Women in Religion - Christian Gnosticism and Buddhism

...Images of Women in Religion: Christian Gnosticism and Buddhism Over the of history, women have been largely viewed as being inferior to men.Religion has largely contributed to perpetuating such stereotypes through the absence of female symbolism and the overflow of male epithets when referring to God. In the book, The Gnostic Gospels, Elaine Pagels asserts that such is the tendency in Christianity, Judaism, and Islam, while also acknowledging that Gnosticism adored God as a male-female dyad. In Images of Women in Early Buddhism and Christian Gnosticism, Karen Lang also touches on the subject of female religious representation. Using Buddhist and Gnostic texts, the author sets forth the argument that despite gender differences...
5 Pages (1250 words) Essay

Traditional Women in the Modern World

It is within the family that many attributes of gender inequality are generated and replicated. Economic and interpersonal dependence on both genders and in various instances more vicious forms of inferiority, are classic elements of marriage and family. Women’s long-established roles leave them with the trouble of widespread domestic and nurturance obligations in addition to limited authority within the family. These trends represent gender inequality within the home and are echoed in the ideology justifying a gender-separated workforce in which women’s earnings and prospects are disproportionate to men’s. While almost every woman has some family bonds to men, by their kinship ties to their fathers and brothers,...
9 Pages (2250 words) Assignment

Women in American Politics: Past and Future Challenges

The official political role of women in the colonial period was not definite at all. Political rights were founded profoundly on ascribed status such as birthrights and on achieved status such as property. Religion also contributed in determining who could and could not play a part in politics. There was no steady and widespread difficulty in the participation of women in political life, yet only a small number of women voted in England and North American colonies, and hardly any women participated in politics to the degree of putting into effect political influence (ibid). In reality, the minority had any public office at all in England, and no women can be recognized as holding elective political office in the colonies.
19 Pages (4750 words) Research Proposal

Wicca Women and the Ladies of Islam

“The history of woman is the history of the continued and universal oppression of one sex by the other. The emancipation of woman is her restoration to equal rights and privileges with a man.” - Tennesse Claflin. The distinction between male and female sex has been a common practice in the history of mankind. We don’t know whether this distinction was there during the beginning of human civilization. But in a later period after human civilization female sex was assumed as inferior to the male sex. Naturally many restrictions were imposed on her just because she is physically weaker than the man.

As far as religious practices are concerned, the role of women in Islam and the Wicca religion is very impor...
8 Pages (2000 words) Coursework

Causes of Illegal Drugs Consumption Among Women

...:// Zaidi, Mujtaba Haider. (1999). Biological and Sociological Causes of Perversion. An article published in psychological review, University of the Punjab, Lahore pp 26-39. Topic:  Analytic Source Review and Evaluation: Illegal Drugs. Instructions: 1500 words maximum. I Would Like You To Think Of A Title For This Piece Of Work. You Are Supposed To Set Your Own Question. Must Be Related To Illegal Drugs. Then You Will Have To Choose Four Sources, Which You Will Have To Compare And Critically Analyse. Two Of The Sources...
7 Pages (1750 words) Coursework

Christian Identity Movement

verted to this religion believe that finally they have found their true identity by discovering that they are the descendants of the tribes of “white” Israel that were lost (Quarles 2004, p.7).
When any group of people say that they are superior to others on the basis of the race they belong to and also inculcate the belief that they are the only chosen people of God and not the people from other ethnic background, then one can very well say that that group or the organization is practicing racial beliefs. People who follow the Christian Identity believe that the people from Caucasian ethnic background are true Israelites and hence they are the only people from the God’s family (Quarles 2004, p.9). The teach...
6 Pages (1500 words) Coursework

Humanistic Buddhism: A Way of Nirvana for Modern Man

However, how many people in today’s modern world are ready to renounce their life of comfort and materialistic pleasure to know the ultimate truth of life? Hardly anyone will be ready to renounce the pleasures of life. Hence, as Buddhism was believed to be a religion of suffering and severe self-discipline, very few people from the modern world were ready to practice it. However, Humanistic Buddhism, by modifying the teachings and simplifying the practices of the religion, gave a fresh and renewed beginning to Buddhism. Humanistic Buddhism, by modifying its practices to suit the social demands of modern life, has not just saved Buddhism from dying out but has also helped people to find happiness and satisfaction in life by s...
8 Pages (2000 words) Assignment

People as Cultural Beings and the Christian Posture

In recent times questions regarding the impact of Christianity over culture have become so prevalent that several of the modern intellectual disciplines consider it an archetype of orthodoxy that is aimed at restraining the newer cultural trends (Niebuhr 1956 p. 1-2).
However, the existing historical shreds of evidence clearly convey that despite Christianity has always been one of the most important factors in the context of determining people’s reciprocation towards a particular cultural trend, but different civilizations at different points of time have denied the impact of the Christian culture as those perceived that it can be a threat against individuality of their respective cultural tends, “Not only Jews b...
11 Pages (2750 words) Assignment

The Concept of Karma in Pure Land and Zen Buddhism

Additionally, the views regarding the concept in different cultures outside Buddhism are also included.
The concept of karma can be considered fundamental in the Buddhist religion. It is related to morality and the manner of behavior of the Buddhists which can be illustrated in the verses of the Sanskrit Dharmapada which expressed that “evil should be prevented to be able to avoid sufferings” and there is no place a person can hide to be safe from karma. This is according to the verses that expressed that “not in the sky or in the ocean’s middle…where karma does not catch up with the culprit” (Conze 83).
These verses express the importance of karma in guiding the Buddhists in their da...
6 Pages (1500 words) Assignment

Management Theory and Practice in the Early Childhood Education Industry

...Management Theory and Practice in the early childhood education industry This Report applies management theory into practice in the early childhood industry, especially in the context of women leaders. Management issues play a significant role in the academic sector, because early childhood professionals need higher levels of motivation in order to avoid burnout . As pointed out in a study by Osgood and Halsall (2007) where they carried out research to examine the position of women in leadership or management positions, a “glass ceiling” exists for women in the academic setting, which could significantly impair motivation. Since many of the individuals employed in the early education sector are women, addressing this issue is even more...
6 Pages (1500 words) Coursework

The Key Macro Factors that Have Influenced the UK Grocery Retailing Industry since the Early 1960s

...1. Assess the key macro factors that have influenced the UK grocery retailing industry since the early 1960s. The concept of organisational change is inherently intertwined with external threats and opportunities, which businesses must adapt to as part of strategic planning to continue long term growth. Senior and Fleming argue that the concept of organisational change has many faces, namely “convergent changes and transformational change that is organisation wide and characterised by radical shifts in strategy, mission values and associated changes of structures and systems” (In Thompson & Martin, 2005, p.41). Moreover, Johnson et al highlight that external macro-economic factors intrinsically impact strategy management and without...
13 Pages (3250 words) Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Critique of the article entitled Images of Women in Early Buddhism and Christian Gnosticism for FREE!

Contact Us