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World mythology gives us an understanding of early indigenous religions: Discuss - Essay Example

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The present paper aims to discuss the significant role the world mythology has played in respect of introducing the generations with the cult and culture, which had been in vogue in different parts of the globe during the ancient and medieval times…
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World mythology gives us an understanding of early indigenous religions: Discuss
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Download file to see previous pages The paper will elucidate the norms, values, morals, taboos and ethics in the light of the literature and folklores traditionally followed and adopted by various civilisations including the ancient Greek, Roman, Egyptian, Indian and Mesopotamian societies, which later gave birth to different religious beliefs and faiths in their wake. Consequently, the ancient and medieval faiths will be elaborated in the present study in the light of the information and vast knowledge the age-old conventional mythological legends have been conveying and communicating for the last several centuries. The notion of mythology simply refers to the traditions, folklores, fables, and the pieces of art and literature depicting the socio-cultural values, norms, cult, customs, laws and taboos etc followed by a significant proportion of some specific society, which has subsequently been turned out to be the essential part and identification mark of that civilisation. Mythological tales, Lincoln (2006, p.243) argues, appear to be reflecting the ideological boundaries of a civilisation in the same manner as history and political science reveal the geographical boundary of an empire or a state at large. Since religion has always been an essential part of almost all societies of the world since ever, mythological records also define the religious systems and patterns of belief adopted by various cultures and civilisations in general. By looking into the history of mythology, it becomes crystal clear that ancient Greek mythology is unanimously regarded to be the most ancient and legendry records of social, political, economic, strategic and religious system followed by the people. The Greek stories, preserved by the ancient era poets, playwrights, philosophers, painters, sculptors, writers and intellectuals, elucidate the nature of cult observed by the people. Homer’s illustrious Iliad reveals that the people of ancient Greece used to worship several Olympian gods and goddesses. Zeus was the king of the deities, who was believed to be the source of all powers and wisdoms. Besides, Adonis and Aphrodite were considered to be the god and goddess of love, desire and beauty respectively, while Athena and Hephaestus were attributed as the goddess of wisdom and god of art and sculpture respectively (Graves, 1993). Similarly, the ancient Greek writers and poets used to seek the support from the nine Muses including Clio, Thalia, Erato, Euterpe, Polyhymnia, Calliope, Terpsichore, Urania, Melpomene while creating a piece of literature; all these muses were the daughters of Zeus and M (Diodorus Siculus, VII). The distinguished works including Odyssey, Iliad and others depict the Trojan wars, where Prometheus had played decisive role in the victory of the Greek deities over the Trojan people (Graves, 1993). The Iliad narrates the tale of Zeus’ entering into love affairs with several goddesses and female humans, including Leda, to which he seduces in the guise of a white swan; consequently, these tales allow the ancient Greek people to practice sex out of their choice. In addition, the king of Greek deities had also homosexual relations with the young and beautiful Trojan prince Ganymede, whom he had abducted for the sexual purposes (Graves, 1993). Homer narrates the love affair between the Achilles and Patroclus, which is aptly cited in the history of ancient Greek civilisation as erotic same-sex passion between the two (Nagy, 1999, p.105). As a result, homosexual affairs remained in vogue among the individuals belonging to the ancient Greece, though the same is strictly prohibited among the followers of Abrahamic faiths. Roman mythology also enjoys a distinguished place in the history of the world, which discusses ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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