God chose Abraham and entered into a new covenant naming Israel as his chosen people. Again, with this act, we see God as the sustainer. The chosen line continued with Abraham and his son Isaac, and Isaac’s son Jacob who was later renamed Israel. Jacob gave birth to Joseph, who was sold into slavery by his brothers and taken to Egypt. This eventually resulted in Jacob and his family relocating to Egypt in order to survive a severe famine...(when you complete your summary go on the next book of Scripture) (space) Leviticus The genre of this book is law. Its key theme is obedience, and it contains a large number of instructions for the Jewish people, telling them how to maintain their purity and their culture while they are living in a land with many different nations. The key personalities in this book are the priests, who look after all the religious rites and ceremonies. It was most important that the Jews remain faithful to God. There are rules about proper sacrifices, and warnings about idolatry, for example. The second half of the book concentrates more on daily habits and behaviors. Some of the rules concern the health of the body, for example, special instructions on foods and medicines. Moral instructions are given too, for example, explaining what kind of relationships are allowed, and what the punishments should be if people break the rules. Leviticus is like a handbook to guide the Jews in living an orderly and faithful life. Jeremiah Jeremiah is a book of prophecy. The
main focus of the book is the need for the Jews to repent of their sin and return to God. It contains a lot of dire warnings about the anger of God, and the way that people will be punished if they ignore his instructions or persecute his people. Jeremiah warns about defeat in battles and the bad example of kings. He is very afraid of God’s judgment and he speaks up about the sins of kings and highborn people as well as the poor. People did not listen to him, and Jeremiah was persecuted for his stubbornness and his refusal to tolerate sins. The Jews had begun to worship Baal and make human sacrifices, and so Jeremiah’s role was to make them face up to this and submit to God’s will. Jeremiah had the unhappy task of predicting death and destruction for the Jews because of their disobedience. Psalms The book of Psalms is an example of the wisdom genre. It consists of 150 pieces of varying length which are intended to be sung or perhaps recited like a poem. They have different themes, such as giving praise to God for his greatness and for all that he has done or calling out for God to help in difficult situations or the relationship that the Psalmist has with God. Many of the Psalms were written by King David, and it is clear that he often appeals to God for wise advice on matters that trouble him. Many of the images are very memorable and are much loved by Jewish and Christian people alike, for example, the 23rd Psalm which opens with the words “The Lord is my shepherd.” Events in the past, present, and future are mentioned, but usually using allegories and images, which makes the psalms very suitable for adaptation to lots of different circumstances. Proverbs The book of Proverbs is an example of wisdom literature. It is a collection of sayings and stories, intended to focus the mind on important truths and teach people how to live.