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The Idea of Personality Development - Literature review Example

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The paper "The Idea of Personality Development" describes that we have a set of theories which represent and explain personality development and shaping. The noticeable place among them is taken by the theories which describe personality from two different perspectives: biological and social…
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The Idea of Personality Development
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Download file to see previous pages Each psychologist adheres to certain answers to the question of personality theory and its development. There exist a number of theories of personality which are recognized among psychologists today. The most influential theories are psychodynamic, analytical, humanistic, cognitive, and behavioral which explain personality in a different way.
To understand how various personality theories were developed it is important to differentiate between two approaches to the personality: nature and nurture. Some therapists believe that hereditary qualities and inborn characteristics play the principal part in a person`s behaviour while others suggest that it is upbringing and environment change the individual
Another important question is whether a person has a free choice or his behaviour is determined. Some psychologists claim that person has a free will and it is possible to understand a person`s motives and behavioral patterns while others consider that unconscious or biology play influence a person`s life to a great extent.
There is a dilemma among the psychologists which concerns a person`s uniqueness. There are discussions whether it is possible to perceive every personality as unique or it is necessary to apply a general approach to all people because of their common nature. Person-centred approach underlines the necessity to treat every person in a special way while apologists of behaviorism claim that common principles are the most reasonable in understanding a personality.
The question of stimuli which makes people act is the next important aspect of discussions. Behavioral theories suggest that people play a passive role in their life is driven by society and the environment while cognitive psychologists emphasize humans` active role in life.
Some scholars consider that human beings are not involved in the process of their change substantially while others more optimistic think that learning has a primary effect on personality development (Engler, 2008). ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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