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Physiological Principles for Health and Social Care - Essay Example

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This paper, Physiological Principles for Health and Social Care, stresses that the nervous system’s function is to direct the response of the human body to variations in both the external environment and its internal environment. Its major organs and functions include the spinal cord, brain…
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Physiological Principles for Health and Social Care
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The respiratory system’s function is to supply oxygen for cellular respiration and removes gaseous metabolic waste products. Its organs include the lungs, nose, the airways; trachea and bronchi. The lungs are located on the left and right side of the chest. They are covered by the pleura. The bronchi, from the trachea divide into bronchioles which divide into alveoli. It is in alveoli that gaseous exchange occurs.
The digestive system is involved with the conversion of food molecules into smaller micro -molecules which can be absorbed into the circulatory system. The major organs include the mouth, esophagus, stomach, ileum, and colon.
The reproductive system consists of both the male and female reproductive systems. Its function is a reproduction. The organs of this system are testes, ducts, seminal vesicles, prostrate glands and penis in males while in females there is ovaries, uterus, oviducts, mammary glands and vagina.
The musculoskeletal system’s function is for support, protection, and movement. It involves the skeletal and muscular systems. The organs of the skeletal system include bones and joints while those of the muscular system include muscles.
The endocrine system’s function is to regulate growth, metabolism, development, and reproduction by hormone production and secretion. Its primary organs are the parathyroid, thyroid, hypothalamus, pituitary gland, testes, ovaries, pancreas, and adrenal glands.
The integumentary system’s function is protection. Its major organ is the skin while nails, sebaceous glands, hair, and sudoriferous glands make up the accessory organs. The skin is the largest body organ. It is made up of three layers, the epidermis, the dermis, and the subcutaneous layer.  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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