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The Psychology of Sexual Offending - Article Example

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"The Psychology of Sexual Offending" paper argues that although sexual offenders continue to offend there still remains the difficulty in deciding the types of treatment that are needed. This may be due to the fact that there are such discrepancies between offenders and their characteristics…
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The Psychology of Sexual Offending
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Download file to see previous pages One of the challenges for law enforcement is that they have a tendency to treat all criminals the same. When they understand something different about the sexual offender they still have to treat them the same. As an example, there is a body of evidence that says that there are females who commit sexual crimes against others. Adolescent girls can be a part of this crime but many law enforcement agencies tend to ignore these crimes because they do not think that girls commit this type of crime. According to the National Center on Sexual Behaviour of Youth (2004), "about 1% of forcible rapes and 7% of juvenile arrests for sexual offenses" are adolescent girls between the ages of 13 and 17 (p. 1). This has become an alarming statistic for law enforcement because there is also a body of literature that says that girls should be treated differently than boys in this crime. Currently, all sex offenders are treated the same way in the courts and in the jail system.

The fact is that sexual crimes are most of the time committed by men but they can also be committed by girls and women. This is something that the literature points out and this makes it difficult for many to enforce.

There are several psychological theories that seek to explain different aspects of crime that are necessary to discuss. Instinct theories suggest that an individual has an instinct that makes them become aggressive. Freud believed that most criminals had a struggle between death (Thanatos) and life (Eros) and that these two were active all the time. As an individual continues to struggle with these two they become aggressive in order to balance the struggle in some way. When the individual can use aggression to do acts of non-violence the individual becomes less aggressive. However, if the aggression is turned inward this may create in the individual, "violence, murder or suicide." (Hollin, 1989, p. 64). ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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