The paper describes gambling as an engagement enjoyed by many individuals, in this period of enhanced leisure time that is probably to gain acceptance. This implies that more of the defenceless will be open to risk and can develop patterns of engagement…
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The earliest psychological framework to the investigation of why people gamble has been the perspective that gambling, in its immoderation, is a problem or pathological, a manifestation of fundamental psychopathology. Even though there is an insufficient amount of literature on gambling, so far the most widespread framework has been the psychiatric approach. A great deal of the work originates from the assumptions of Sigmund Freud. As a matter of fact, the father of psychoanalysis himself had some remarks on gambling. In his well-known work on Dostoevsky, who is a self-proclaimed problem gambler, Freud explains gambling as an alternative for masturbation, which as well requires the hands and also results in both stimulation and remorse. Freud views gambling as a behaviour disorder obsession, originating from the primitive accumulation of masturbation, in which the consequent stimulation is higher than the resulting fretfulness (Schwartzberg, 1998). Gambling, in this perspective, is illogical and it resembles more of instinct, with the demand to be defeated or lose as a self-inflicted chastisement. Preceding Freud’s work, Simmel (1920) presented an early model of a psychoanalytic description. He illustrated a juvenile individual for whom gambling “serves the unfolding or the substitute formation of the exceedingly active pre-genital anal-sadistic libido in the unconscious” (Simmel, 1920, 353, as cited in Barker, 2000, 83). Another framework assumed by a Freudian associates gambling to addictive indicators aiming to make a way into the future.
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..., and Practice. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.
Bp Plc. Hoovers, 2010. Available at: http://www.hoovers.com
Berg, Sanford V., and John Tschirhart. Natural Monopoly Regulation: Principles and Practice. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1988.
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