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Television Viewing and Language Development in Children - Term Paper Example

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The author concludes that in young children who are just beginning to learn words and narration, television may have a profound effect on language development. The effects can be both positive and negative. The positive effects can be enhanced by allowing the child to view educative programmes  …
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Television Viewing and Language Development in Children
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Download file to see previous pages Television has a profound effect on the language development of children, especially those between 2 and 5 years. Whether this effect is beneficial or detrimental is based on many others factors associated with television viewing.
Language learning can occur from television and is dependent on the age and linguistic maturity of the child, the quality of content viewed, the suitability of the content for the child's age group, the amount of time spent in front of the television and also the involvement of parents during viewing. For those who are less than 2 years of age, there is not much evidence about the effects of television on language. At about 18 months of age, children may respond to visual stimuli verbally. Children below 22 months of age learn first words better from adults than from television. By 2 years of age, children are able to comprehend content and may extend their language by viewing television. Good- quality educational television viewing may have beneficial effects on children between 2 to 5 years of age. Various studies have reported evidence of improvement in attention, comprehension and receptive vocabulary as a result of appropriate television viewing. The children may also develop expressive language, knowledge of letter-sound relation, verbal interaction, and talk, story narration and storytelling. However, there has been no evidence of improvement in language grammar, knowledge of literacy and phonological awareness. However, some research has proved that excessive viewing can lower expressive language scores. Also, viewing adult-oriented programmes can lead to poor language development in pre-schoolers. In fact, such programmes may cause poorer expressive language and lower vocabulary. Television viewing during childhood can also have adverse associations with later educational achievement.   ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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