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The Culture-Centred Approach to Counselling Presumes that All Counselling Is Cultural - Term Paper Example

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"The Culture-Centred Approach to Counselling Presumes that All Counselling Is Cultural" paper states that the cross-cultural dimension to counselling expands the horizon of the practice and hence, offers a more comprehensive approach to addressing more contemporary counselling issues…
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The Culture-Centred Approach to Counselling Presumes that All Counselling Is Cultural
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Download file to see previous pages While much mainstream social research aims for universal explanations - that is to look for truths which apply across cultures- it has become increasingly difficult to distinguish valid universals from cherished cultural values. The search for universals makes it possible to compare different cultures but can dangerously lead us to what Stephen Palmer and Pittu Laungani (1999) call as a form of intellectual imperialism. (p. 16) These highlights the fact that today in a post-modernist world, all counseling becomes cross-cultural in the sense that even if one shares ethnicity, and appears similar, the cultural difference still prevails.

Cultural relativism claims that each culture must have its own explanation in its own terms. This allows for the attainment of rich cultural diversity and logically reduces theory work to absurdity through avoiding the lack of comparison of a cultural form with any other. And so, in light of these, cross-culturalism has come to be billed by Pedersen (1991) as a powerful fourth force in addition to psychodynamic, behavioral and humanistic approaches, in counseling. He described it as an approach that involves a bilateral learning experience in which both the counselor and the counselee participate, and by which both of them are affected. (2002, p. 31) Here, culture became an important element in counseling and that cross-cultural dimension to counselor education is encouraged to be given more emphasis nowadays.

Self-awareness figures much in today’s cross-cultural society. As individuals evolve, they become more complex and differentiated with the encouragement of his group’s own values and in the backdrop of diversity. As a result, the societies have experienced what Brant Cortright (2007) termed as “complexification” which, indeed, cannot be navigated merely with an increasingly complex mind because it will require self-awareness. (p. 103)

Specifically, the concept of self-awareness is, writes Philip Burnard, culture-bound. This is the idea of “self,” which in itself constitutes some sort of the stable, inner core of a person.  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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