Female Genital Mutilation - Research Paper Example

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In the paper “Female Genital Mutilation” the author analyzes the practice of female genital cutting. This practice is believed to be the product of traditions descending from ancient times and preconditioned by development of patriarchal society and thus need to control women’s sexual behavior…
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Female Genital Mutilation
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Download file to see previous pages The first theory we can address to try to explain existence of such phenomenon as female genital mutilation is theory of gender identity and gender socialization. As a part of socialization theory, gender socialization theory implies that gender roles are those learned by children beginning with their early years from immediate surrounding and other sources. Carter (2014, p.244) states that “from the moment that a baby enters the world it is inundated with symbols and language that shapes its conception of gender roles and gender stereotypes”. Ahan (2012, p.9) describes gender socialization as learning one’s gender through communication with the surrounding environment and culture. Particularly, culture affects the way people see traditional gender differences. It is clear that these perceptions are entrenched in minds of community members and differ across cultures. In African communities preserving traditional practices of female genital cutting, people learn specifics of biological difference between genders through the lens of FGM: cutting external genitals is seen as a way to initiate a woman and demasculinize her. “In FGM practising countries the removal of the clitoris, which is believed to be male parts, makes a woman feminine” (Moges, n/a, p.5). In other words, the perspective of gender socialization explains the phenomenon of female genital cutting as the integral part of gender learning and complying with peculiar culture’s perceptions of the way a ‘normal’ woman should look like. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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