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Psychotherapeutic needs of parents/carers of children on the autism spectrum - Literature review Example

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As a developmental problem, individuals suffering from Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) tend to exhibit behavioral challenges that range from inability to interact normally to repetitive behavior patterns (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). In recent years, cases of ASD…
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Psychotherapeutic needs of parents/carers of children on the autism spectrum
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Download file to see previous pages In essence, early intervention is critical in terms of reducing the severity of autistic behaviors. Among the intervention techniques in the cited literature include, for instance, ASD-specific education programs and providing support in the transition stages of a child such as from preschool to school (Andersson et al., 2014). On the other hand, ASD does not affect the only the individuals the condition, but also significant others who provide care, particularly parents. While there is cited literature regarding ASD, signs and symptoms, impact and treatment, related literature still lacks regarding the psychotherapy needs of the caregivers who deal with individuals suffering from ASD.
While the related literature highlights on some of the challenges that caregivers involved with children suffering from ASD go through, a little attention is given on how they can address their psychotherapy needs. Dealing with a child who has ASD is often considered stressful for the caregiver or the parent for that matter. This is because, the demands or burden placed upon the caregiver is enormous, and this sometimes can cause parental stress and to extreme levels, depression (Cadman et al., 2012; Lin, 2011).
The demand of providing care for individuals suffering from ASD can also affect families due to the pressure of dealing with a special child. In studies conducted regarding the impact of children with special needs on the family, it is evident that parents of children requiring special attention are more depressed compared to parents with normal children. In most cases, mothers of autistic children suffering from autism are at higher risk of becoming depressed due to the pressures of handling a child with special needs. In a study that associated parental stress with ASD’s, it was found that the parents who had high levels of stress had recently sought ought special services for their autistic children (Allison et al., 2012). In ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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