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Human Development - Essay Example

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Each of the stages that include genital, latent, phallic, anal and oral stages are associated with different years of child’s development. According to Freud, a…
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Download file to see previous pages Oral stage, which is the first stage of development for the children, begins form birth to the first birthday. In this stage, children most of the time get involved in activities that engage their mouths. For instance, they can bet chewing rubber or pencils. For one fixated in this stage, may develop a manipulative an immature personality. From the age of 1-3 years, children go through the second stage, which involves bowel and bladder elimination. For children who went through this sage might develop into organized and excessively neat people. Otherwise, they may be reckless, careless. Disorganized defiant or corprophiliac.
Phallic stage is the third stage of development as outline by Freud. In this stage, the child genitals is the primary erogenous zone. The stage runs form there years to about 6 years. It is at this time that most children learn the difference form male and female sexually and the gender difference between girls and boy. After that, children go through the fourths stage latency, which lasts, from 6 years to puberty. If fixation occurs at this particular stage, one is likely to suffer from sexual unfulfilment in adulthood. The last stage of development is the genital, which begins form puberty to the time that one dies. In this stage, one’s sexual interests mature in case of fixation, one is likely to suffer from frigidity, unsatisfactory relationships and impotence Kline, 2013).
Similarly, Erickson came up with a theory on the development of children. He went further to subdivide the different developmental stages than as they are shown in sigmoid Freud’s theory. In his argument, the child first has to go through the trust and mistrust face that lasts between birth and the first birthday. For children in this stage they must have trust on others in meeting their basic needs. For instance if they fail to trust that one can ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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