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Motivation and The Brain - Essay Example

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The brain is the central coordination engine for the whole body systems, it has various structures and functions that are necessary to initiate and sustain the motivation for healthy eating (Wickens, 2005). Food consumption is mediated by a complex connection of vital body…
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Download file to see previous pages There are a number of intrinsic and extrinsic determinants of motivation in maintaining healthy eating habits. These factors are interconnected and influence the overall motivation pattern of an individual in maintaining a healthy eating habit. Most importantly, the individual’s ability to sustain perpetual motivation for a healthy eating habit determines the health outcome. Several brain parts play an indispensable role in shaping an individual’s ability (Wickens, 2005).
Sustaining an insatiable motivation for healthy eating partially relies on the functioning of the limbic system that entails; the amygdala and the hippocampus (Stone, 2011). These two structures are involved in maintaining an incontrovertible attitude concerning diet alternations. Although the limbic system is more emotional center, it is also very important in shaping motivation and reward, which are essential elements that maintain positive dietary habits. Studies show that dopamine has direct influence on the hippocampus, such that it improves motivation and creation of new memories about diets and specific eating habits. On the other hand, adequate excitation of the amygdala is crucial in holding and recalling newly learnt habits that concerns healthy eating. For instance, instructions about cooking, the apportioning of ingredients and health effects of certain food are depend on the functioning of amygdala. The amygdala works in conjunction with the prefrontal cortex, which chiefly regulates the capricious behavior and the capacity to come up with reasonable judgments concerning food options.
The inability to attain satiety seen by excessive appetite for food is because of pathology in the mesolimbic opioid and dopamine interconnections (Stone, 2011). Excessively high appetite is because of improper hypothalamic functioning caused by disease or injury. The brain receives information via neurotransmitters, integrates it then sends feedback ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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