Free

Ethics in Psychology on 3 famous experiments listed below - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Failure to align one’s professional undertakings with these ethical guidelines may result in legal action for unethical conduct. In the past, certain…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.9% of users find it useful
Ethics in Psychology on 3 famous experiments listed below
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Ethics in Psychology on 3 famous experiments listed below"

Ethics in Psychology Experiments American Psychological Association, commonly abbreviated as APA, adopts certain ethical guidelines in psychology experiments. Failure to align one’s professional undertakings with these ethical guidelines may result in legal action for unethical conduct. In the past, certain psychological experiments have blatantly violated the APA’s Ethics Code. Example of such experiments include, but not limited to; the Milgram Obedience Experiment, the Blue Eyes and Brown Eyes Experiment, and the Little Albert Experiment.
After watching the Obedience to Authority video of Milgram’s Experiment, it emerges that there was lack of informed consent among the experiment’s subjects. APA’s Ethical Code asserts that participants of any psychological experiment must possess accurate description of an experiments risks and outcomes prior to an experiment (Lindsey and Smith 17). However, Milgram subjected his participants into stressful situations without informing them. With respect to John Watson’s Little Albert Experiment, it emerges that the experiment caused psychological harm to the subject. Actually, the boy developed an artificial fear of rats and furry animals. APA asserts that psychological experiments should safeguard both the physical and psychological welfare of participants, thus the resultant phobia in Wanton’s experiment was an outright violation of APA’s ethical guidelines (Lindsey and Smith 20). Finally, Elliott’s Blue Eyes and Brown Eyes experiment instilled self-contempt on white children. In an effort to discourage racism, Elliott made white children in the experiment to believe that dark-skinned brown-eyed students where smarter and better than white-skinned blue-eyed students. This kind of misinformation is prohibited by APA code of ethics, and amounts to lying.
Undeniably, psychology experiments are not surgical procedures. Adherence to all ethical guidelines is not only almost impractical but also compromises on objectivity of results. Therefore, potential harms caused by violation of certain ethical guidelines are often offset by the benefits of an experiment’s results. For example, Milgram’s Obedience Experiment is paramount in predicting the behavior of persons under authority. In Milgram’s experiment, situational stress complemented with lack of informed consent was the only means of safeguarding reliability of the findings. With respect to Watson’s Little Albert Experiment, artificial phobia on the subject was an inevitable outcome of the experiment. In this case, the benefits of learning phobia development outweighed the inevitable effect of the experiment on the little boy. Finally, Elliott’s experiment involved a substantial amount of deception. However, the noble purpose of her experiment outweighed the explicit harm of self-contempt among her subject (Lindsey and Smith 35). In this regard, strict adherence to all ethical principles will cripple the benefits of research and experiments in psychology; hence the need to disregard some codes.
In case I was to replicate the three experiments, I would employ specific practices in order to safeguard ethical standards advocated for by APA. In Milgram’s experiment, I would provide compensation for any psychological harm experienced by subjects. APA upholds the need for compensation whenever an experiment’s subjects are implicitly or explicitly harmed (Lindsey and Smith 28). With respect to the Little Albert Experiment, the participant should have been sourced through volunteer means. In this case, I would ask literate and informed parents to willingly present their child for the experiment, being fully aware of the depth and breadth of the experiment’s effects. Such cases involving voluntary selection of participants coupled with advanced informed consent are favored by APA. Finally, I would source community consent prior to performing Elliott’s experiment. Before deceiving minor participants, I would secure communal consciousness on the importance of the research in furthering education and welfare in the community.
Work Cited
Lindsey, Weather and Smith, Bart. Ethical Guidelines: Research Methods for the Behavioral and Social Sciences. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons, 2010. Print. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Ethics in Psychology on 3 famous experiments listed below Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/psychology/1677057-ethics-in-psychology-on-3-famous-experiments-listed-below
(Ethics in Psychology on 3 Famous Experiments Listed below Essay)
https://studentshare.org/psychology/1677057-ethics-in-psychology-on-3-famous-experiments-listed-below.
“Ethics in Psychology on 3 Famous Experiments Listed below Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/psychology/1677057-ethics-in-psychology-on-3-famous-experiments-listed-below.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Ethics in Psychology on 3 famous experiments listed below

Compare two texts listed below

...? Sophocles and Capellanus Throughout history marriage and love have been important s that have brought people together and motivated others to act in various ways. We can see this not only in the ancient texts created by the Greeks, such as Sophocles, but also in the middle ages and right up until our present day. Marriage between two people can be a thing that binds them more closely together. It can also be a purely formal tie with no emotional content. Men in particular throughout history have used marriage as a political mechanism. This is true in both Oedipus the King and Capellanus Courtly Love. However, there are important differences. In Oedipus the King, Oedipus and Jocasta's marriage is one that is marked by more than... Sophocles...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Fats - Details listed below

...(Jonas, 2002). The bad cholesterol includes the LDLs (low density lipoprotein) while the good cholesterol includes the HDLs (high density lipoprotein). The HDL helps keep the LDL from getting deposited into the blood vessel walls. Moreover, high level of HDL and low levels of LDL may help protect us from heart attack and stroke, while low levels of HDL and high levels of LDL have been shown to increase the risk of heart disease. Cholesterol is actually synthesized in the body but can also be increased in levels by certain foods. Foods that may increase HDL levels include those that contain omega-3 fatty acids (such as salmon, tuna and sardines), walnuts and garlic. On the other hand, foods that may increase LDL levels...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Eather of the two i listed below

... Women and Terrorism Research the difference between male and female suicide bombers. Consider how economics, religion, family and society play a role in these differences. In general, the preference given on women to carry out the task of suicide bombing is well-established with the ground that female suicide bombers constitute a strategy of reaching the target by means a stealthier weapon (Zedalis, 2004). Since the typical male characteristics as applied to conventional tactics, though with distinct schemes of high intelligence, often have had to bear with penetration difficulties, shifting gender consideration is sought for an added efficiency and reduced periods of delay. Based upon expert views, young age normally of early 20...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Psychology (experiments)

...different conditions of attention like audio and video.2 The results obtained can be useful in general and medical psychology. The ordinary people and patients can be examined by taking these results as normal conditions. These types of results are useful extremely in treating schizophrenic patients. The comparison of the results to those of the patients will give the extent of the disease. The learning tasks for the patients can be framed according the results based on the above experiments. The duration of the listening and viewing the list was not taken into consideration in the above mentioned and these can be termed as the limitations for the study.3 Hypothesis: The...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Social Psychology - The Stanley Milgram - psychological experiments

...taking the government as the authority and the people as the members. Thus the people do not obey the order of the government. The Individual Differences in Reasoning is a study at Calif. State Univ.--San Bernardino. This study shows how the different persons respond to different matters and give their ideas. This theory also confers the Milgram's approach as the different people may have different ideas about an order by the authorized person. Thus they show different approach as some may obey the orders and some may ignore that. References: 1) Online Social Psychology Studies. http://www.socialpsychology.org/expts.htm#sbeliefs 2) Effective Prejudice Reduction Strategies, Summer...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

2 comprehensive papers topics are listed below

...., Kiernan, B., & Betts, J.D. (1994).  Method or methodolotry:  The qualitative/quantitative debate, (Jan, 1994) Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 25 (1), 52-54. Popkewitz, T. (1984). Paradigm and ideology in Educational Research. Lewes: Falmer Press. Prodait. (2006). Selecting a suitable research approach. Retrieved June 5, 2008 from http://www.prodait.org/research/pedagogic/selecting.php Rossman, G., & Wilson, B. (1991). Numbers and words revisited: being shamelessly eclectic, Evaluation Review 9 (5), 627–643. Smith, J.K. (1983). Quantitative versus qualitative research: An attempt to clarify the issue. Educational Researcher, 12(3), 6-13. Soltis, J. (1990). The ethics of qualitative research. In E. W. Eisner... to...
34 Pages(8500 words)Essay

QUESTIONS IS LISTED BELOW

...analysed that Coca Cola is currently focusing on focused low cost and broad differentiation strategy. Because of a few reasons, the company has been able to attain the focused low cost advantage. First, Coca Cola has achieved economies of scale through mass production. Second, the knowledge and experience of the company has increased its long learning thereby, improving its learning curve. Moreover, the company has gained great effectiveness and efficiency in its distribution network, research and development and marketing. Coca Cola is pursuing broad differentiation strategy because it is offering more than 230 brands worldwide and high brand image has created a superior product perception image of Coca Cola in the...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Federal Governmant (Specific topic is listed below)

...rights not specifically listed, but those rights still cannot be violated. The Tenth Amendment focuses more the on the states, giving them and their citizens any power that is not specifically reserved for the Federal Government.3 The balance between these Constitutional rights and duties varies from state to state and from time to time. As for example, during times of war, the duties expected by one state may far outweigh the rights and liberties received at the same time, though the picture fully get reversed when peace returns. This was true during the time of the Second World War from the year 1939 to 1945 and during the Cold War in the 1950s when many Britons were obligated to serve for their...
3 Pages(750 words)Term Paper

The detailed information listed below

... Corporate Restructuring in India Embracing globalization was an important step for Indian firms to consider the restructuring of their corporate functions. The suitable global competitive strategy was the cost reduction measures that enabled an increase in earnings. This is because organizations normally strive to decrease their costs in order to maximize earnings. The cost reduction measures comprised of increasing productivity to meet the rising global demand. It is apparent that the Indian firms were venturing into new markets and this increased the demand for their goods (Halder and Rakshit 12). It was also essential to minimize family control along the value chain by hiring competent managers who understood the dynamics... Corporate...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

The detailed information listed below

...Executive Summary General Motors is one of the largest manufacturers and distributors of cars and trucks in the global market. The company deals with both automotive and non-automotive related brands. Despite its widespread operations in almost all industrial sectors in the 1900s, the company encountered a number of pure risks that led to negative impact in its financial portfolio in the past five years. This led to a drop in its gross and net income due to increasing depreciation and rise in operating costs. The major area of the study is on the different pure risks that the company has encountered within the past few years, the major one being product liability that occurred in their faulty ignition switch. The failure led... Summary...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Ethics in Psychology on 3 famous experiments listed below for FREE!

Contact Us