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Analyze the key elements of nature-nurture controversy - Essay Example

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This debate is concerned with determination of whether certain aspects of behavior are products of nature or as a result of nurture. In this debate, nature refers to genetic or inheritance of behavior. It refers…
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Analyze the key elements of nature-nurture controversy
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"Analyze the key elements of nature-nurture controversy"

Download file to see previous pages The debate has received many contributions by various psychologists; among them; the Greek philosopher Plato and Aristotle. Plato believed that human intelligence and all other capabilities were as a result of nature. He argued that behaviors are inherited. According to him, every character that is in a child was inherited from the parents and that no character is learned or influenced by the environment we live in. On the other hand, Aristotle argued that it is the environment that shapes the character of an individual. According to his argument, no character is inherited from a parent. He argued that a child develops his/her character depending with the environment that she/he is raised in. The two elements have recently been recognized to play interacting roles in the development of a human being. However, the issues remains unresolved to whether, people’s intelligence, their personality traits and their behavior are inherited or learned.
Different philosophers have conducted research in determining the most important element in the development of humans, nature or nurture. An example of the studies conducted involved twins. Davis et al. (2012) in this study collected data from over six thousand families to show that environmental and genetic contributions to forty five childhood cognitive behavioral traits varied geographically in the U.S. the research was conducted in the United States the an observation methord.The study involved both identical and fraternal twins and focused on the observed differences depending with the geographical location. Although the initial perspective was that both nature and nurture had equal contributions to the psychological development of a child, the ultimate results of the study revealed that the genetic tendency of a child is modified by their environment. In this situation, nature and nurture work hand in hand in shaping personality and that neither ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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