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Classical and Operant Conditioning - Assignment Example

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Notwithstanding the fact that both bring certain results in learning, the processes of each are different having as followers as opponents of these theories. To understand the…
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Classical and Operant Conditioning
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Download file to see previous pages It means that two stimuli that are linked together produce a new learned response in an animal or human. Each of the three stages of the stimuli and responses were given the scientific terms, such as before conditioning, during conditioning and after conditioning. Pavlov’s famous experiment with the dog demonstrated how classical conditioning involved pairing of the previously neutral stimulus. During the experiment he used a bell as the unconditioned stimulus, which was further associated with the food taste. The researcher observed the producing of salivation when food was placed in the dogs mouth. Then he rang the bell and gave the dog food. In several repetitions, the dog salivated to the bell only, showing the conditioned response. To prove the theory, there was conducted an experiment with the cat. An owner was standing in the kitchen and called a cat by knocking the ceramic plate or opening the refrigerator. When the cat was little, it did not come to the kitchen hearing these sounds. In a certain time, the cat associated every opening of the fridge and knocking sounds with the time to have meals.
The other conditioning term, operant, refers to how a body operates on the environment or how human or animals respond to what is presented to them in that environment. Operant conditioning can be thought as a result of learning from the natural consequences of one’s actions. People learn operant conditions every day in their lives. If something one does leads to a positive result, it is more likely to one to do the same thing again. Operant conditioning draws its attention on using reinforcement or punishment to enhance or reduce a behavior. An association then is formed between the certain behavior and its consequences. The experiment with the cat who wants milk. The cat knows that every time the owner is on the kitchen and the cat comes for “sweet-talk” walking around the owner’s legs, it will obviously obtain ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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Define,describe and give examples of classical and operant conditioning
...with salivation. This finding indicated that the dogs prepared for food, even though there was no actual food being presented to them. Operant conditioning is different because it describes a situation in which an individual modifies the content of its behaviors due to an association of that behavior with a stimulus. The classic example involves placing a cat in a box with only one way out. When the cat discovers the way out, and is placed in the box again, it will achieve freedom faster consecutively because it will remember how it achieved the reinforcing factor. Operant condition thus represents a kind of learning about how to interact with our...
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... is not “wanting” to paint at all. Thus, social factors also affect and condition responses or my behaviors and preferences in life. References AllPsychOnline. (2011). Classical and Operant Conditioning. Retrieved from Gould, J. (2005). Conditioning: Operant versus Classical. Retrieved from Sato, T. (2010). Classical and Operant Conditioning. Retrieved from Schueler, G. (1997). Social influences of behavior. Retrieved from ? ical and operant conditioning: On eating burgers and studying painting 23 February ical and...
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