Knowledge and Application of Psychology - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Classical conditioning and operant conditioning are two concepts of behavior psychology which explain the learning processes and behaviors of human beings and animals. Both the processes are quite different as they explain how human and animals form their behaviors and why their…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95.7% of users find it useful
Knowledge and Application of Psychology
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Knowledge and Application of Psychology"

Download file to see previous pages These behaviors are not taught but rather learnt from the surroundings. The responses of the organisms are automatic and not the result of any training. Moreover, the reward or punishment in classical conditioning is not related to the behaviors. The behaviors are generally the response of the nervous system which allows humans and animals to follow their instincts (Weiten, 2007). For example, recognizing our mother’s voice and connecting it with her face so we connect two stimuli and then experience our everyday connections.
On the other hand, operant conditioning is the voluntary behaviors that are trained to the humans or animals and they are followed by rewards or punishments. The behaviors are usually directed by the consequences or rewards that come after it (Nicholas, 2009). This may also be called instrumental conditioning as the organisms get something as a consequence of their response. In operant conditions, responses are merely based on the skeletal muscles instead of the nervous system. The learning involves changes in the voluntary behavior.
Classical conditioning can be found in many of our surroundings and can be applied to our daily lives in many ways. In the disgust reactions, classical condition can already be found as it relates to our involuntary responses. We’d usually hesitate in putting our foot deliberately in a sack of mud. Even if we are told that the mud is clean and not dirty, we would instinctively hesitate in doing so as classical conditioning allows us to sense the smell of the mud and its dirt even if we haven’t touched it yet. Classical conditioning is ruled by our nervous system which warns us and restricts us to stay away from dirty, smelly, or disgusting things (Weiten, 2007).
The other claim in which classical conditioning is already present is the response to fear and phobias. When anyone is asked to go into a room from where there are creepy and ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Knowledge and Application of Psychology Research Paper”, n.d.)
Knowledge and Application of Psychology Research Paper. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/psychology/1686130-knowledge-and-application-of-psychology
(Knowledge and Application of Psychology Research Paper)
Knowledge and Application of Psychology Research Paper. https://studentshare.org/psychology/1686130-knowledge-and-application-of-psychology.
“Knowledge and Application of Psychology Research Paper”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/psychology/1686130-knowledge-and-application-of-psychology.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Knowledge and Application of Psychology

Organizational Psychology in Corporate Application

...? Organizational Psychology in Corporate Application Teamwork, Stress Reduction, and Personal Focus in Business Operations ORG 6300: Final : Date: Table of Contents Table of Contents 1 Abstract 2 Introduction 3 Teamwork in Organizations 3 Stress Reduction in Individuals 6 Building Personal Focus 8 Conclusion 9 References 10 Abstract Organizational psychology can assist corporations in becoming more efficient by being attentive to the needs of employees and providing training programs that make employees more dynamic, productive, relaxed, and focused individuals. This essay discusses the application of organizational psychology for a hypothetical company,...
8 Pages(2000 words)Case Study

Application of Psychology in Marketing

...Application of Psychology in Marketing Introduction Psychology has been considered an ideal area of study that can be applied in several social science areas. One of these areas is marketing. Perhaps, for those who would like to enhance their businesses, marketing is prioritized due to its extensive primary importance to business. Without marketing, potential customers are not able to learn about the existence of products and services they miss, and this leads to lack of success in business (Egan 78). In this regard, among areas of interest in marketing is the application of psychology in this field. One of the areas of psychology...
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper

Project Management as the Application of Knowledge

... Project Management as the Application of Knowledge 1. Aim, objectives and feasibility of the dissertation (first draft required in Week 2 of RM module) The construction industry in the Gulf has witnessed a colossal leap in the past decade. This is rather paradoxical in the context of the global economic slowdown, which negatively influenced the real estate sector in most parts of the world. In particular, the construction industry in the United Arab Emirates has bounced back on to the fast – track, rapidly taking on massive projects towards development of tourism, housing, industrial and commercial facilities, education and healthcare amenities, transportation as well as expansion of ports and...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

Psychological Theory and its Application

...?Psychological Theory and its Application There are various instances in life whereby we are required to apply the knowledge we have acquired in psychology to help us make sense of real life situations. There are many areas in our lives whereby the application of theories of psychology go unnoticed for example in instances such as in business management, health, product design or even in education. Furthermore, there have been numbers of areas of specialization in the fields of psychology whereby there are various sub branches that are basically applied at individual level as a branch of psychological theory in situations that basically require the attention of the experts. (Roscoe, 1997) Clinical psychology is one such branch... of...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Applying Knowledge In Psychology

...management. This involves mainly sealing off major portion of the stomach so as to reduce the amount of food one can consume. This method is highly effective in losing weight as well maintaining the weight after loss especially for the obese people. However, it is not a method recommended for anyone but rather for those people who have a BMI of 40 and above. One must also have undergone and completed a medical as well a psychological pre-evaluation procedure. This method as the drug therapy has its advantages and disadvantages and therefore a patient is always advised to discuss extensively with the surgeon on the possible risks before engaging into it (Natural Weight Loss Remedies, 2011) According to UCSF Medical Center...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Apps of psychology ( application of psychology)

...and explain all aspects of work life – especially since these theories were postulated to understand individual persons and their choices and experiences. Nevertheless, they are helpful in understanding some aspects of human experiences in relation to work, and thus are able to provide us with the knowledge and tools to not only select the right people for a task; but also to provide these individuals with the appropriate tools and environment that will help increase productivity as well as enhance personal growth. Works cited Segal, Morley. Points of Influence: A Guide to Using Personality Theory at Work. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1997. Print. Coon, Dennis. Introduction to Psychology, Exploration and...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Application of Psychology on Leadership and Management

In those theories, the theorists who were of diverse professional backgrounds came up with “frames within which they explained human personality, what dictated the kind of personality that one would possess and the characteristics of those various personalities” (Tjosvol and Tjosvol 7). Psychologists endeavor to explain why people with the same heredity (from the same mother and/or father) and same environment react differently. They also explain why people of different heredity and past life experiences may sometimes react in the same manner in a similar environment. There are different theories all of which endeavor to explain human personality. Tjosvol and Tjosvol widely studied the major groups of theories that stu...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Knowledge and Application Goals

... knowledge on the importance of sleep was very useful to me, and this is because of my poor sleeping habits. I have the habit of skipping some of my nights sleeps, and from this class, the knowledge gained concerning the effects of failing to sleep helped me to change my perceptions and attitude about sleep. For example, sleep plays a great role in making an individual to rest. Having enough sleep will make the person to achieve efficiency in whatever they are doing. Works Cited: Bernstein, Douglas A.. Psychology. 9TH ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning, 2012. Print. Howes, Mary B.. Human memory: structures and images. Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications, 2007. Print.... Psychology Assignments: Q One theory learnt...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Departmental Learning Goals Addressed: Knowledge and Application of Psychology

...Social Psychology Social Psychology Social psychology is a scientific study of the processes through which thoughts, behaviors and feelings of people are influenced by implied, imagined, and the actual presence of other people. It is the study of how other people shape the perceptions that we have. Social cognition entails the information that relates to other people is encoded, stored, retrieved and used. Social thinking can be distinguished in three areas: social perception, attributions and attitudes. However, the Fundamental attribution error is the act of tendency that involves over estimation of traits importance and underestimation of situation importance when explaining the...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Infant's Motor Development . Psychology 2314. Application paper

... Infants Motor Development Introduction The term motor development can be explained as the changes related to age in an infant for their voluntary physical movement. This change can be observed in a child throughout their life span but the major development takes place between the birth and 18 years of age. The motor development skills refer to the movement of the small muscles. The children’s generally use their hands right from the point of their birth to explore the world around them and also to feel their bodies. The motor skills in children tend to grow and develop along with the growth of their whole body. With the due course of time, they learn to use their hands for improving their social, emotional and cognitive skills... Infants...
6 Pages(1500 words)Admission/Application Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Knowledge and Application of Psychology for FREE!

Contact Us