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Erikson introduced the concept of metaphors, many of which were physical actions that clients could take outside the counseling session.
Erikson used physical metaphors as an away to move past the unconscious mind. The way this would work was to give the client a physical task to complete outside the therapy session that was geared toward helping the client learn something more about themselves. Usually, the client would return to the next counseling session after doing the task and the client would have “profound learning that was unique for them” (Bill Baker 1).
Physical metaphors were used because they allowed the client to bypass their conscious mind by making it concentrate on the task instead of the learning that would take place. In this way, the conscious mind would be occupied and resistance to the learning about oneself would not occur. At the same time, the client’s unconscious mind would be able to form new patterns of though so the individual could come to the next counseling sessions with new insights about their problems (Baker 2). The physical metaphor also provides an opportunity for clients to “learn by doing” in order to learn from their experience.
Erikson also used stories to bypass the unconscious mind. He found that stories could inspire a person do something with their life. In order to do this, they would have to understand that what happened in the story could also happen to them which could mean that they would “affect deep and lasting change” (Baker 14) without the individual actively working toward it. There are several reasons that metaphors from stories are useful. David Puchol Esparza states that these stories can provide a key towards helping the individual understand how they show up in the world, they can cause something to be remembered, they can provide many levels of information and they can help people bring about the new patterns of thoughts,
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