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Cognitive Development - Essay Example

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It deals with the link between a person’s perceptions and the resulting emotions, sensations, behaviors and personality. And many people believe that without these…
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Cognitive Development
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Download file to see previous pages This is what helps a child learn, a student study, an adult to form relationships and so on. The very basis of forming friends is that their thought processes match and they can get along well. Many scientists today have proven the fact that cognitive development starts at the very beginning, that is, the womb. Fetuses are able to understand sounds. A newly born baby can recognize its parents and know when it is safe and when it is with a stranger. Their brain can recognize when the body is hungry or the baby needs a diaper change, leading the baby to communicate via crying. (online, 2004)
Lev Vygotsky, a Soviet psychologist, and Jean Piaget, a Swiss developmental psychologist, are very well-known for their tremendous contributions to the cognitive development theory. They believed that the way children grow mentally, from an early age to adulthood, play a vital role in their ability to learn and comprehend. They gave a lot of importance to this theory and urged teachers to learn how to implement tactics that would help and enhance the cognitive development process.
Both psychologists based their theories on the concept of ‘constructivism’. Constructivism or learning theory, a part of epistemology, is a theory which states that understanding is brought by linking ideas with behavior or basically mental construction, just like joining the dots. They also believed that communal influence set the precincts for cognitive enhancement. However, these were the only similarities between the two.
Piaget assumed that cognitive development was influenced by an individual’s environment, children learn through interaction with their surroundings, and that development preceded learning. He believed that development was universal throughout all cultures. Vygotsky on the other hand believed that a person’s culture and historical background played a major role and the influence of one’s peers played a great role in the way one ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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