Free

Kohlbergs Theory - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
He believed that people developed their moral intelligence gradually. In this way, he is similar in thought to Jean Piaget and John Dewey (Barger, 2000, p…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93% of users find it useful
Kohlbergs Theory
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Kohlbergs Theory"

Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral Development Lawrence Kohlberg was a at Harvard that left the field of developmental psychology to study Moral Education. He believed that people developed their moral intelligence gradually. In this way, he is similar in thought to Jean Piaget and John Dewey (Barger, 2000, p. 1).
Kohlberg visualized moral understanding developing along a continuum of six stages and three levels, each level consisting of two stages. Level One consists of the stages Obedience and Punishment Orientation and Individualism and Exchange. In these stages, individuals primarily focus on punishment for wrongdoing. In the first stage, punishment is viewed as validating the fact that something is wrong, where in the second stage, punishment is recognized for breaking a law but is something that should be avoided if possible. Level two consists of the stages Good Interpersonal Relationships and Maintaining Social Order. In these stages, individuals reason that breaking a law might be allowable if the cost to an individual is too great or if the damage to society as a whole is minimal. For example, stealing medicine to save a dying person is probably OK because few people are harmed by the loss of the medicine and one person’s life is saved. The third level includes the stages Social Contract and Individual Rights and Universal Principles. These stages acknowledge the fact that individual rights must be brought into account when determining right and wrong. A smoothly running totalitarian state is not morally agreeable. Stage six is reached by individuals that recognize that there are universal principles that must be applied to all people in a society. This means that everyone in the society must be valued equally. Most people do not reach this level of moral reasoning (Colby and Kohlberg, 1983, p.28). One person in history that has is the Dr. Martin Luther King.
Two aspects of Dr. King’s efforts to bring equality to all people in America qualify him as an individual that operated at level three, stage six of Kohlberg’s theory. One is the fact that Dr. King recognized that if a law was created in order to create a disparity of value between groups or individuals in a society, then it is a morally reprehensible law. Universal principals, by definition, must apply equally to all members of a society. This means that a white individual would have the same value as a black individual. The laws that Dr. King sought to repeal created this type of disparity. The stage five individual believes that democratic processes can reach a settlement that all parties agree is fair. This is not the case when one of the groups is a minority group that will always be outvoted by a majority. Stage six individuals believe that sometimes things must occur outside of the democratic process in order to create change.
The final aspect of Dr. King’s civil rights efforts that establishes him as operating at stage six is his willingness to embrace civil disobedience. Civil disobedience would never be embraced by individuals below stage six due to the disruption it causes to society as a whole. It is not democratic, so stage five would not agree and it does not promote societal harmony so stage four would not approve. Few individuals every accomplish reasoning at a stage six, and even fewer leaders exhibit these traits (Divr & Eden, 2002).
Works Cited
Barger, R. N. (2000). A SUMMARY OF LAWRENCE KOHLBERGS. Retrieved November 15, 2011, from California State University Dominguez Hills: http://www.csudh.edu/dearhabermas/kohlberg01bk.htm
Colby, A., & Kohlberg, L. (1983). A Longitudinal Study of Moral Judgment. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development , 1-38.
Divr, T., & Eden, D. (2002). Impact of Transpormational Leadershiip on Folower Development and Performance. The Academy of Management Journal , 735-745. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Kohlbergs Theory Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/psychology/1583765-kohlbergs-theory
(Kohlbergs Theory Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
https://studentshare.org/psychology/1583765-kohlbergs-theory.
“Kohlbergs Theory Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/psychology/1583765-kohlbergs-theory.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Kohlbergs Theory

Theory

... Module: Democracy as an End in Itself or a Means to an End There has been a belief that majority of thewestern nations achieved prosperity due to their advancement in democracy. Advocates of democracy have been fighting against socialism and communism for over 200 years but since the World War II democracy started to gain root in many countries especially in the east. The Cold War marked quite a significant period where democracy emerged a victor over communism. Using this analysis democracy acts as an end to countries that have been undergoing turmoil or other instabilities. Other outlooks bring forth the concept that democracy is a means to an end. In considering each claim it is important to look into what democracy actually... Module:...
4 Pages(1000 words)Term Paper

Theory

...? Part Theory Assessment INTRODUCTION Business environments are constantly changing and pressing businesses to strengthen competitive positions with adaptability. Businesses are also constantly been striving to adopt the performance means for gaining sustained position in market. In the quest of sustainability and lead, many businesses adopted an extra edge in business operations. For instance, Japanese companies have been stringent in following Total Quality Management techniques for driving operational efficiencies. On the other hand, there had been firms polarized towards achieving sustainability with strengthening positioning aspect. Both aspects being significance to business; however, the real benefit lies in what is named... as...
20 Pages(5000 words)Essay

James Weber and Kohlbergs theory

...James Weber and Kohlberg’s theory Introduction This paper intends to review on the facts laid down by James Weber on his article, Adapting Kohlberg in Assessment of a Manager’s Moral Reasoning, to establish if the suggested methods are relevant and reasonable to helping managers in decision making process. Summary The article is a modification of Kohlberg’s earlier works on moral development which explains why different people take different moral actions when faced with the same situations. It also captures the stages in moral development. The modification is due to the unnecessary characteristics that hinder the assessment of a manager’s decision making processes....
3 Pages(750 words)Book Report/Review

Theory

...?Le Corbusier’s Spatial Design Oeuvre Introduction The contribution of Le Corbusier to architectural theory and practice, as well as urban planning, in the twentieth century cannot be misjudged. Through the widespread circulation of his building proposals and projects and his comprehensive theoretical effort, practically no other designer has had the same challenging and powerful effect on the treatise of modern architecture. He viewed his theoretical perspectives as an ‘appeal to architects’ (Samuel, 2007, p. 41) which must function as a guide to acknowledging the path to a form of architecture for the modern period. Le Corbusier, the designer, is the re-embodiment of the visual artist Charles-Edouard Jeanneret. Then...
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay

Kohlbergs Principles of Ethics

...was one of the first serious thinkers to study and know about a person's ability to deal with ethical issues which could develop in later life and also whether education could affect that development (Source: Can Ethics Be Taught). Kohlberg developed a theory of moral reasoning, which according to him was the basis for ethical behavior and has three major levels split into six identifiable stages of moral development as shown below: (Source: Figure adopted from Values) The Stage 1 is a heteronomous orientation focusing on avoiding breaking rules that are backed by punishment, obedience for its own sake and avoiding the physical consequences of an action to persons and property (Source: Studies in...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Theory

...The word theory has different meanings in different contexts. In everyday life ‘theory’ means an opinion, a guess, a hunch. However, it is not that way in science. According to Gordana Dodig – Crnkovic (2001), “science is the systematic study of the properties of the physical world, by means of repeatable experiments and measurements, and the development of universal theories that are capable of describing and predicting observations. Statements in science must be precise and meaningful, such that other people can test them (in order to establish “universality”)” (p.6). Correspondingly, theory is science is a logical and mathematical explanation, a framework describing...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Theory

...Outline: Behavioral and Rational Emotive Behavior Theory Theory: a) Key Concepts The basis of this theory, as discovered by Albert Ellis-the founder of ‘cognitive-behavioral therapy’, revolves around the fact that people’s emotional functioning are directly related to their beliefs. Thus, self-defeating behaviors result from irrational beliefs, which make the people feel angry, depressed and full of anxiety. This provides the natural reflection of human nature. Basic Philosophy The values involved in the basic philosophy of this theory include Self and social interest and self-direction. It also involves acceptance of life’s ambiguity, while having flexible attitude. The tolerance of others... ’ viewpoints and open attitude towards change...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Theory

...Theory al Affiliation A hypothesis is defined as an existing relationship which can be ed to a testbetween two variables (Koch, 1999). One variable must be independent, and the other variable is dependent. A scientific hypothesis is bases on observations made whereas a working is subject to further research (Koch, 1999). Testing a hypothesis Statisticians follow a predetermined process to establish whether to accept or reject a hypothesis (Koch, 1999). The first step involves stating the hypothesis whereby the statistician states the null and the alternative hypothesis. Hypothesis are stated, in a way, that makes them mutually exclusive, that is, if one is acceptable or true, then the other one is false or is rejected(Koch,1999... al...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Kohlbergs Moral Stage Theory

...Kohlberg’s Moral Stage Theory Moral Development, according to Kohlberg & Hersh (1977), does not merely envisage an increase in the “knowledge of cultural values” through which a person understands ethics but it also encompasses all the changes that occur in an individual’s “form or structure of thought” (p.54). This notion mainly emerges from the fact that culture varies in societies and hence study of the “cultural values” cannot inform on how individuals interact in their social environments or how they solve their problems in a social context (p.54). On the other hand, an examination of “developing structures” through which an individual makes moral judgments will enable us to understand moral development (p.54). I agree... with...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

THEORY-

... "Evolution" In the analysis and study of literature, there are two broad attitudes, descriptive, and theoretical attitudes respectively. When dealing with structural analysis there are two approaches, theoretical and non-descriptive approach. The work of analysis is considerably seen as the manifestation of an abstract structure, and an understanding of that structure is the real objective of structural analysis. The narrative or the story is one of the many possible ways an abstract idea is compilable in some form and not the description of this that is the objective but instead, its the understanding of its structure (Roman, 1975). It shows that the structure has a logical importance rather than a particular one. Basing... "Evolution" In...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Kohlbergs Theory for FREE!

Contact Us