The four stages include sensory stage, preoperational stage, concrete operational stage, and formal operational stage. According to Piaget, it is the process of maturation that dictates the progress of the…
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During this stage, the children are influenced by fantasies and have difficulty conceptualizing time. The third stage of Piaget’s cognitive development is the concrete operational stage. During this stage, the children learn to think abstractly and make rational judgments when they observe an experience. The children’s accommodation during this stage increases. The last stage of Piaget’s cognitive development is the formal operational stage which brings the children’s cognition in its final shape. The children during this stage already knew how to reason out deductively and capable of hypothetical reasoning (Piaget’s Cognitive Stages, 1990).
Erikson, a famous psychoanalyst stated eight stages of development. He believed that each of us forms our basic belief about ourselves and how we associate with others socially. These basic beliefs formed will eventually control us on how we make our choice as we associate or form relationship with others. Erikson described each of the eight stages of development as a choice between two opposing beliefs. He believed that child’s ego subsists from birth and that his behavior is not totally self-protective. Erikson believed that the interaction of the body, mind and cultural influences determine the way of development.
Erik Erikson and Jean Piaget are two of the famous theorists who focused their interest in children and the stages of their development. Both of them searched to explain the cognitive and psychosocial development of children. Both Piaget and Erikson have a significant impact in psychology. Piaget concluded that children “construct” knowledge by exploring the world by making and testing assumptions. Erikson developed a comprehensive model of development of children’s social capacities. However, in Erikson’s developmental theory, he showed that in the early stages of development there are difficulties that affect the social and emotional adjustments of
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(Comparing Erikson to Piaget Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
“Comparing Erikson to Piaget Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/psychology/1578325-comparing-erikson-to-piaget.
This research aims at comparing and contrasting Jean Piaget and Erik Erikson work on child psychology. Development psychology has undergone many changes since the beginning of the 20th century. Most early theorists influenced the field of psychology significantly. Notable theorist whose impact determines child psychology and early childhood education are Jean Piaget and Erik Erikson.
Freud's point of view is that human personality is composed of ID, Ego and Super-Ego, which are affected by the two primary drives sex and aggression. How these drives are channeled in the childhood play a vital role in developing human personalities. Freudian-slip website identifies five key development stages of Freud's theory: (1) Oral, (2) Anal (3) Phallic, (4) Latency and (5) Genital.
By understanding both theory, a caregiver, psychologist, social worker, or others that work with children can determine if a child is developing normally and to understand the child's behavior. Discussion of Piaget's preoperational stage and Erikson's Initiative Versus Guilt will aid in the observation of a three-year-old girl who has a one-year-old sibling.
This principle relies on the assumption that a child assimilates certain facts/concepts from the environment and internalizes them according to his own cognitive structure (Wood, 1998).
Piaget believes that children develop cognitive structures on their own via the processes of adaptation, accommodation and assimilation.
In the three selected articles, it will be discussed how the major claims of each theorists manifests in the field of psychology and how each theory is put to use. A critical eye can interpret examples when more than one theory can be applied to a particular situation.