Person-Centred Approach - Research Proposal Example

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In the paper “Person-Centred Approach” the author discusses Person-Centred Approach (PCT), also referred to as Client-Centred Approach, non-directive, humanistic or Rogerian Therapy, which is a specific approach to counseling and psychotherapy that is used to treat various psychological problems…
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Person-Centred Approach
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Download file to see previous pages Developed in the 1930s by Carl Rogers, person-centered therapy partially evolved from the psychoanalytic theories that had dominated the psychological science at the beginning of the 20th century. However, the new approach also departed substantially from classical psychoanalysis. Thus, Rogers did not accept the detached role of the therapist conducting the therapy; the emphasis on maintaining a supportive environment, coupled with the need to establish a closer personal relationship between the therapist and client were other innovative features of the new approach. Even Roger’s use of the term ‘client’ pursued the goal to eliminate the traditional perception of the highly hierarchical patient-doctor relationship: in PCT, it was precisely the client, not therapist who determined the overall direction of treatment, while the therapist guided the client with the help of questions (Bruno, 1977). These basic principles of PCT are similar to those that shape the core of the original psychological theory of Carl Roger.
Rogers’ humanistic theory developed as an offshoot of his method of client-centered (later called person-centered) therapy. The fundamental of personality is the psychological reality, the subjective experience according to which the reality is interpreted by human beings, and any person is an integrated unity that can never be divided into separate part: Rogers’ view of human behavior is ‘exquisitely rational’. Humanistic perspectives actively criticized psychoanalytic theory for portraying people as being directed only by their unconscious wishes and irrational forces.  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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