Theory of Behaviorist and Psychodynamic - Term Paper Example

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In this paper, the author demonstrates Carl Jung’s psychodynamic theory of thought offers a more comprehensive classification of personality, as the permutations and combinations of eight different aspects in psychological dimensions. Also, the author describes Roger’s Humanist theory…
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Theory of Behaviorist and Psychodynamic
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Download file to see previous pages Sigmund Frued was the first one to propose the theory of psychoanalysis, which has led to the development of a collective group of theories known as psychodynamic theories, all emphasizing unconscious motives and desires and the importance of childhood experiences as a factor in shaping personality. Freud views conflict as inevitable in human life with humans also being basically destructive. He paid particular attention to the division of mental life of an individual into conscious and unconscious processes (Freud, 1927). Carl Jung built upon this and attributed four levels to the psyche of  man (a) conscious level – with psychic images sensed by the ego (b) personal unconscious – comprising repressed or forgotten experiences (c) collective unconscious – or ideas derived from the experiences of our ancestors and (d) archetypes – or archaic images derived from the collective unconscious.(
        On this basis, he defined two opposing trends in personality development – progression, which is a forward flow of psychic energy that is necessary to adapt to the outer world and regression, which is the backward flow of psychic energy that is necessary for adaptation to the inner world. This also produces opposing tendencies in personality, such as extroversion and introversion, which are both present in all individuals, although one tends to dominate the other. (Jung, 1923).
On the basis of Jung’s theory of personality differences, personality assessment tools such as the Myers-Briggs indicator have been developed, which assesses an individual’s way of working through a series of either/or questions. The answers to these questions produce a personality profile that reveals individual tendencies in four psychological dimensions (a) Extraversion v Introversion (b) Sensing v Intuition (c) Thinking v Feeling and (d) Judging v Perceiving. According to Jung, each individual tends to be more comfortable with one of the choices in each psychological dimension. (Chanen, 2000)   ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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