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Sense of Humor and Humor Styles - Research Proposal Example

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The author of the paper "Sense of Humor and Humor Styles" states that humor serves a variety of purposes.  People use it all the time in social situations.  A significant amount of research indicates that humor is valuable in coping with life’s challenges…
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Sense of Humor and Humor Styles
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Download file to see previous pages The humor alleviates stress and can be resorted to in building stronger interpersonal relationships. Studies on humor’s implications on physical health have likewise been done and it shows that “there is very little evidence of stress-moderating effects of humor on health-related outcomes, using existing self-report measures of sense of humor and life events measures of stress” (Martin, 2001, conclusion, para. 13). However, it was also contended that certain types of humor may be effective with certain types of stress.
Self-report measures of humor have been developed and used in studies on humor. The Situational Humor Response Questionnaire (SHRQ), (Martin & Lefcourt, 1984) measures respondents’ degree to which they smile and laugh in a wide variety of situations. The Coping Humor Scale (CHS), (Martin & Lefcourt, 1983), participants evaluate how they use humor as a coping strategy. The Sense of Humor Questionnaire (SHQ-6), (Svebak, 1996) evaluates different components of the humor process and the Multidimensional Sense of Humor Scale (MSHS), (Thorson & Powell, 1993) investigates different humor behaviors such as humor creation and humor appreciation.
In 1999, Martin and associates (Phulik-Doris and Martin, 1999) developed a humor scale measuring four humor styles: Social humor (tendency to share humor with others to put them at ease and enhance relationships); self-enhancing humor (tendency to maintain a humorous outlook on life even when not with others, to cope with stress or to cheer oneself up); Self-defeating humor (tendency to amuse others by self-disparagement to hide one’s true feelings from self and others); and Hostile humor (tendency to use offensive humor to put down or manipulate others). This 60-item Likert-type format questionnaire has been developed and validated by Puhlik-Doris and Martin (1999) in a large Canadian sample. This original version of the Humor Styles Questionnaire was found to have demonstrated the necessary psychometric qualities, a clear factor structure corresponding to the four humor styles above, as well as external validity and predictability of constructs related to coping and health. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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