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Beauty and Order in Civilization - Essay Example

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The paper "Beauty and Order in Civilization" presents Freud's ideas about civilization. According to Freud, man needs civilization for his security against the superior powers of nature. Beauty, cleanliness, and order are the main aspects of civilization…
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Beauty and Order in Civilization
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Download file to see previous pages In the psychological development of the individual, the program of the pleasure principle is of primary importance. The child is born with Id, which works on the pleasure principle Id is not concerned with the reality of the world, but only wants its needs to be met. When the child is three years old, the next part of its personality called Ego begins to develop. The ego is based on the reality principle.Ego satisfies the needs of the id, within the reality of the situation. The superego, which is the moral part of the child’s personality, develops a little later when it encounters the restraints placed on it by its parents. The individual learns to subordinate his need for pleasure to the restrictions imposed by civilization. Civilization is the aggregate of man’s achievements and regulations, according to Freud. What is the need for civilization? Freud says that civilization serves two purposes- it protects man from nature and it helps him to adapt himself with regard to his relation towards other humans.In Civilization and Its Discontents Freud asks the question, why is humanity not happy? Freud reasons that the suffering of humanity has three main causes-“The superior powers of nature, the feebleness of our own bodies and the inadequacy of regulations which adjust the mutual relationships of the human beings in the family, state and society”. Man needs civilization for his security against the superior powers of nature. Beauty, cleanliness, and order are the main aspects of civilization....
The individual learns to subordinate his need for pleasure to the restrictions imposed by civilization. Civilization is the aggregate of man's achievements and regulations, according to Freud.
Now we come to the next question, namely, what is the need for civilization Freud says that civilization serves two purposes- it protects man form nature and it helps him to adapt himself with regard to his relation towards other humans .In Civilization and its Discontents Freud asks the question , why is humanity not happy Freud reasons that the suffering of humanity has three main causes-"The superior powers of nature, the feebleness of our own bodies and the inadequacy of regulations which adjust the mutual relationships of the human beings in family, state and society"(Freud,274) According to Freud , man needs civilization for his security against the superior powers of nature. Beauty, cleanliness and order are the main aspects of civilization.
Although beauty is not directly involved with satisfying man's primal needs, nor gives him pleasure, man is conditioned by civilization to worship beauty. Thus we pay homage to great works of art and architecture, and try to emulate the beauty of nature in all things we do. Order and cleanliness are the other characteristics of civilization. We are taught to admire order and eschew disorder. We raise the concept of cleanliness to great heights- placing it next to godliness. Beauty, cleanliness and order translate into higher achievements of humanity, be it philosophy, art or scientific achievements. They also enhance the quality of life.. Dirty things and people are thought to be less than civilized .The 'civilized man' abhors the dirty, 'uncivilized' person. His abhorrence may develop ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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