Nobody downloaded yet

Eye Witness Testimony - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
This paper reviews several research studies regarding various aspects of children's eyewitness testimony. These studies show that even children as young as 4 years of age can be trusted to understand the difference between truth and lies and to tell the truth about experiences that happened to them personally…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95.3% of users find it useful
Eye Witness Testimony
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Eye Witness Testimony"

Download file to see previous pages Interviewers must also be extremely careful in questioning children, and even adults, with certain personality characteristics to ensure that factual information is obtained.
In the not too distant past, it was believed that children should be seen and not heard. As a result, crimes against children were not often punished, or even acknowledged. During the past two decades, these once silent victims have now been given a voice (Goodman and Schaaf 1997). Their victimisers are now being brought to justice, and it is often the testimony of the children themselves that is the deciding factor in many of these trials. Children's eyewitness testimony is being utilised more frequently than ever before in the history of the legal system (White, Leichtman, and Ceci 1997). While this is an important step in the right direction, it does pose some questions. Do children really understand the difference between truth and lies How accurate are children's memories for past events - especially emotionally-charged events How easy is it to shape a child's answer with misinformation And what about timing Many cases are not even brought to trial for months or years after the event occurred. Can children accurately remember something that happened to them in the past All these questions, and more, have been answered in a vast body of literature on children's eyewitness testimony.
One of the main tenets of the judicial system is that all witness testimony must be truthful. Truth is an abstract concept that is not even readily comprehensible by some adults. For instance, there is the long-standing philosophical argument of whether truth is absolute or relative. Truth, as it is thought of in legal terms, must be absolute in order for the judicial system to function efficiently. Can children be expected to understand what absolute truth is, and to tell the truth when they are speaking about events that happened to them Josef Perner (1997) reviews several studies showing that young children can be relied upon to know the truth, and to speak it, although they may not develop a complete understanding of the truth until much later.
Children are aware of the differences between true and false as early as age two (Perner 1997). These younger children are prone to "false memories" and are quite susceptible to misinformation; thus, their testimony may not be as accurate as an older child's (Perner 1997). By age four, children begin to understand "why they know what they know," and it is about this same time that the very important ability to remember personal experiences becomes more fully developed (Perner 1997). It is safe to say that the memories of children within this age range can be trusted; however, Perner notes that an understanding of the reasons why one is morally obligated to speak the truth in a court of law does not become fully developed until a child is about nine or ten years of age (1997). According to Perner (1997), this understanding of moral duty is not crucial for effective witness testimony. What is crucial for effective witness testimony Accuracy. How accurate are children's memories of past events Even adults with tremendous memory capacities sometimes ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Eye Witness Testimony Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/psychology/1524181-eye-witness-testimony
(Eye Witness Testimony Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words)
https://studentshare.org/psychology/1524181-eye-witness-testimony.
“Eye Witness Testimony Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/psychology/1524181-eye-witness-testimony.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Eye Witness Testimony

Personal testimony

...war against evil and not giving in to it. When temptations come our way, Satan is there to steal our peace, destroy our relationship with God and kill our love to the Lord. The Christian fights by overcoming temptations, silencing the evil whispers of Satan and standing by the Word of God. My Testimony ‘For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son…’, this very popular verse found in the book of John 3:16 seemed to me like just another literary piece of work that Sunday school teachers teach to children to augment one’s appreciation to literature. Growing up in a Christian family; going to church, opening the Bible, singing in the choir and joining other church activities was not at all different to me...
5 Pages(1250 words)Term Paper

Conversion Testimony

...? Conversion Story Thank you for allowing me to share my thoughts with you. Thank you for giving me your time to hear a testimony of my life, and of my faith. As Christ taught it, faith is a treasure, the most precious treasure, hidden in the field of life (Mt. 13:44). . I have not always been a true Christian. Like many young men and women born of Christian families, Christianity was but an external cover, superficial trappings which I could do without. How about Church services? Yes I attended them as a child just to conform and be with my parents who by custom attended services. But as a young man who had more independence, I did not feel obliged to attend services. And only on extreme occasions, such as to attend...
4 Pages(1000 words)Assignment

Jehovah Witness

...? 20th April Jehovah Witness Introduction Currently, Jehovah Witness members in south Florida number in their thousands and the number of churches are in their hundreds, whereby these members of this religious grouping congregate in buildings in large housings to which they call the Kingdom Hall. The churches in south Florida draw their teachings and beliefs from their founder Charles Taze Russell who was an Adventist, and who founded the church in1852 (Melton, 473). Founded in the year 1874, the teachings and beliefs on the church Adventist theological teachings were adopted into the Watchtowers teachings (Garraty and Carnes, 92), and has two magazine publications the WATCHTOWER and the AWAKE! (King,...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Cog Project 6

...? False Memories: How Much We Can Trust on Eye-Witness Testimony Introduction Cognitive psychologists have identified that people have a tendency to develop memories that didn’t actually occur in reality. People sometimes might actually think they have experienced a certain event but in reality it is just a part of their imagination. The phenomenon is termed as false memories. It is a well researched topic in the field of cognitive psychology and it has significant implications in the field of criminal justice. Eye witness testimonies often become the basis for judgment in a case and this is why it is essential to know whether an...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

Eyewitness Testimony

...Moral Dilemma: How Reliable is Eyewitness Testimony Various studies, research and experiments on the memory of human beings has revealed to psychologist the fact that it is more complicated than most people perceive it to be. During the processes of consolidation, encoding, and retrieval, distortion of memory happens at times, where convictions of events that never happened are stored in the mind. Despite the fact that human memory can be distorted it is among the most used forms of evidence used especially when it comes to eyewitness accounts. This does not necessarily mean that it should not be used since the numbers of cases that have ended in either positive acquittal or conviction because of...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Eye

...Running Head: Eye Eye [Institute’s Eye Introduction Eye is an organ that acts in response to light for numerous reasons. The eye has three layers, surrounding three translucent structures. The outermost coating is formed by the cornea as well as sclera. The middle coating is formed by the “choroid, ciliary body and iris” (Mets, 2012). The innermost layer is the retina, which acquires its circulation from the “vessels of the choroid as well as the retinal vessels” (Mets, 2012). These layers contain “aqueous humor,” the “vitreous body,” and the “flexible lens” (Mets, 2012). The aqueous humor is a clear fluid enclosed in the frontal chamber between the...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Birth Witness

...Birth Witness “In History” by Jamaica Kincaid The audience in this excerpt seeks to establish what exactly happened to his life in relation to those who resemble him. He also tries to refer to what happened to him as history. Bearing this in mind it is possible to put across that those trying to give a name to their experiences are the audience in this excerpt (Kincaid 1). This is so because of the idea that to him history could be just an idea or an open wound that opens and heals whenever he breaths in and out. Additionally, the audience is someone seeking to name his experiences mainly because, according to him, history began in 1492 and since he was absent at that time, his experiences do not appear anywhere during...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Eye witness account

...College Eye Witness Account I stare at the crowd gathered in front of the chief. The chief is burning colored clothing. There are so many instructions and rules to follow. No colorful clothes are allowed, if found they are set on fire. The crowd consists of the new and old slaves. The chief and his soldiers set the rules and control the workforce. There appears to be classes, the new people are least. The families sit down and wait to be given houses. I hear that a family has committed suicide by taking poison. They soon get huts, and the bell rings to signal meal time. A long queue in the open hall is formed next to the women serving the rice and fish. There are no tables, no seats, just a long table....
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

Eyewitness Testimony

...An Experiment to Investigate the Accuracy of Evidence in Eyewitness Testimony Every judicial process involves the use of eyewitness as one of the methods of clarification of evidence. In psychology, there are several evidence illustrating how many people ends up being victimized unfairly just because of reliance to eyewitness accounts. Scientists and genetic evidence have given comparative result showing that most of the innocent victims have ended up behind bars for no good reason because of such kind of evidence. As a result, psychological researchers have made an alarm of concern that, most eyewitnesses have mostly been a subject of unfair judgment due to the sacristy and error brought about by the memory of an...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Eye-witness testimony

...justice system to make sure of the investigative process. Works Cited Brace, Nicola A.Pike, Graham E.Kemp, Richard I.Turner, Jim. "Eye-Witness Identification Procedures And Stress: A Comparison Of Live And Video Identification Parades." International Journal Of Police Science & Management 11.2 (2009): 183-192. Legal Collection. Web. 29 Oct. 2014. Brewer, Neil, and Matthew A. Palmer. "Eyewitness Identification Tests." Legal & Criminological Psychology 15.1 (2010): 77-96. Academic Search Complete. Web. 29 Oct. 2014. Cutler, B. & Kovera, M. (2011). “Expert Psychological Testimony.” Current Directions in Psychological Science, 20.1 (2011): 53-57. Sage Journals. Web. 21 Nov. 2014. Wise,...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Eye Witness Testimony for FREE!

Contact Us