Nobody downloaded yet

Use of animals in psychological experiments - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
A substantial amount of research in psychology uses animals in its research,as a certain amount of animal research is synonymous to answering questions that link humans with the continuity of evolution.Research done by the psychologist is to learn more about behavior…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.9% of users find it useful
Use of animals in psychological experiments
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Use of animals in psychological experiments"

Download file to see previous pages A substantial amount of research in psychology uses animals in its research,as a certain amount of animal research is synonymous to answering questions that link humans with the continuity of evolution.Research done by the psychologist is to learn more about behavior, and how the knowledge of behavior is of paramount importance to the progression of people and animals welfare. The development of scientific expertise has shown surprising resemblances that link humans and animals and this has greatly changed the outlook about the use of animals in experimentation. However, this understanding of the similar genetic connection between humans and animals has only made the interest in experiments on animals greater. Despite this as further evidence of the range of emotions and thought processes that animals are able to experience have emerged, scientists, including psychologists, have looked for different forms of studying behavior which does not include hurting animals physically or emotionally, as the use of psychological research on animals involves insistent mental, psychological and physical stress being put on the animals (Harding, 2009).Charles Darwin's work emphasizes the link between animals and humans, it is imperative to study the unique characteristics that creatures exhibit whether they are human or non-human, as this improves our understanding, thus improving welfare of animals and humans (APA, 2009). His use of experiments on animals while working on his theory of evolution in 1859 began the history of use of animal experiments to extend the knowledge on human behavior. At the end of the nineteenth century, Ivan Pavlov (Harding, 2009) developed his experiments on the 'conditioned' responses in dogs, these experiments and the subsequent theory that developed from them, enhanced the influence and dominance of the behavioralist school of psychology. The modern treatment program, called behavior modification is based on conclusions generated on operant conditioning from Pavlov's experiments on dogs (Harding, 2009). At this time however, the behaviorist school of thought did not believe that animals were capable of any emotion, and all the descriptions of the animals behavior was based on their physiologic response to the stimuli, and not on the psychological outcomes.
In the 1950's Harry Harlow's (Findarticle, 2009) well-documented experiments on monkeys developed into an important psychological theory, attachment theory. Attachment theory was a deviation from Freud's theory that the child's bond with the mother is of upmost importance in the development of the adult personality, developed by John Bowlby. Harlow's, and others, experiments with monkey's led to the further development of this theory. As attachment is a major factor in theories of child development, scientific experiments and studies have continued to be completed in this area (Findarticle, 2009). Harlow (Findarticle, 2009), made two surrogate mother dolls for the infant monkeys. One doll was built from wire and held a bottle of milk; the other was made of soft material. From a behaviorist view point, the infant monkey's should have gone to and developed an attachment the mother made of wire, because she had the food, however the monkeys developed their attachments with the mother made of soft material, which suggested that comfort is more essential for the baby monkey than food. MRMC (2009) go on to state that Harlow's 'maternal deprivation' experiments on infant monkeys created such fear in their lives, it led to some of the monkeys developing psychological impairment and maladaptive behaviors later in life. Harlow (MRMC, 2009) asserted that these results showed the significance of maternal contact, however, it is argued that these results had been made known previously in studies using humans.
According to the Medical Research Modernization Committee (MRMC, 2009), animal experiments which force animals to experience painful stimuli have been widely ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Use of animals in psychological experiments Essay”, n.d.)
Use of animals in psychological experiments Essay. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/psychology/1522614-use-of-animals-in-psychological-experiments
(Use of Animals in Psychological Experiments Essay)
Use of Animals in Psychological Experiments Essay. https://studentshare.org/psychology/1522614-use-of-animals-in-psychological-experiments.
“Use of Animals in Psychological Experiments Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/psychology/1522614-use-of-animals-in-psychological-experiments.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Use of animals in psychological experiments

Animals are Friends, not Scientific Experiments

...?Animals are Friends, not Scientific Experiments For decades, animals have been used by scientists in their research. Mostly, these animals have beeninstrumental in medical research and testing. Animal experimentation has helped scientists in finding solutions to various emerging and currently existing diseases. Admittedly, animal research has helped contribute to the lives of many people around the world. However, we cannot turn a blind eye on the inhuman treatment which animals receive in the name of medical treatment (Langley 2010). Animals are meant to be our friends and our...
15 Pages(3750 words)Research Paper

Animals as Friends, not Scientific Experiments

... Animals are Friends, not Scientific Experiments Introduction Sooner or later, animal use in scientific research will end. Animal experimentation is inhumane, hence it should be stopped. It may come to an end due to changing ethical and political perspective. It may cease as technologies become out of date. Most probably the two will strengthen each other. Political and moral advocates will keep on encouraging the pursuit for alternative technologies. Developments in science and technology will make the ethical arguments against animal experimentation stronger. As argued by philosopher David DeGrazia (1996), “The path to the ethical treatment of animals runs through their minds” (p. 76). His argument stress the value of taking... shatters no...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Animals are Friends, not Scientific Experiments

...? Animals are Friends, not Scientific Experiments Number Number Teacher’s Due Outline Animals are Friends, not Scientific Experiments The article “Killing Animals and Humans” that appears on the website of the organization Animal Aid is a useful one that discusses the merits and demerits of using animals in medical research. It talks of the pain and suffering that animals have to undergo as they are subjected to procedures that are cruel and prevent the animals from leading normal lives. These experiments are most often conducted for the...
3 Pages(750 words)Assignment

The Fight Against the Use of Animals for Laboratory Experiments

...? number] (day month year The Fight against the Use of Animals for Laboratory Experiments: An overview Animal experimentation has been around for several centuries, from the 17th century until the present time. It was in the nineteenth century when the widespread animal experimentation took place and also public resistance against vivisection had started during this century. Vivisection is another term for animal experimentation and it literally means the cutting up of animals. During the 1980s, the animal research has declined due to public pressure and restraint in finances. However, the fast-paced...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

Experiments on Animals

...are studying diseases such as cancer and diabetes. Cell and tissue culture are used to test product safety and affectivity. In Silico Technology. Computer simulations of molecular structures can predict the toxicity of certain substances, including their potential to harm or benefit an individual. It can go further to predict metabolism and birth defects among others. Micro dosing. Using human volunteers, the effect of drugs is assessed by giving small doses to produce whole body effects. Through maximizing clinical researches, the experimentation of animals can be reduced. Another alternative if only the pharmaceutical companies are not very competitive with each other is that, they...
14 Pages(3500 words)Essay

Social Psychology - The Stanley Milgram - psychological experiments

...Psychology The Stanley Milgram had done some psychological experiments to figure out the measurement of the keenness of the participant in a study. His experiments measured the keenness of the member of a study against the instructions given by his group leader in the study. The leader gave them the instructions about the work which was in opposition to the personal interest of the member in the study. One of the studies of obedience was Behavioral Study of Obedience by Stanley Milgarm. In his study he examined the characteristics of obedience. The case was taken as the punishment given to a victim member by giving some shocks by a member in a group. This shows his...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

The Use of Animals in Psychological Research

...it has been considered that the human brain and its functioning are very different from that of the other species and animals and hence it is not very clinically useful and productive. There have also been implications that animals are treated in the worst possible ways in experiments and codes of ethics are not followed. Therefore the animals should not be subjected to these conditions and they do not serve to be ideal subjects for experiments. But animal research has served to provide with breakthroughs in the field of psychology and it is argued that even if human brain and the brains of...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Should animals be use for medical research

...Should animals be use for medical research? Annotated Bibliography DeGrazia, David. Animal Rights: A very Short Introduction (Very Short Introductions). Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002. Print. Ethical and philosophical matters are of paramount importance when it comes to considerations of whether animals should be used in experiments or not. In this book, DeGrazia tries to establish whether animals have moral rights or not. It also explores the concept of animal welfare as it pertains to this debate on the use of animals in experiments. He...
1 Pages(250 words)Annotated Bibliography

Psychological Theory of Drug Use

...unconventional routes are the most innovative and efficient than those who conform to the norms. In this respect, some people use drugs as a means of being odd and standing out from the crowd. Owing to their personal ego, they experiment with various drugs in order to appear or behave differently and this theory contributes to their drug use and addiction. In conclusion, the psychological theory of drug use gives the perfect impression of why and how people indulge in various drug use activities. It could be because of inadequate personality, problem behavior proneness, or even reinforcement. Whichever the principle, it is vital to note...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment

Use of animals in medical research

...Animals in medical research Use of animals in medical research Introduction This paper will present the background and statistics of the use of various animals in medical research all over the world, it shall also establish different perspectives based on animal welfare and animal rights proponents through the use of peer-reviewed articles and books. This will show the different points of view held by various personnel and experts in the medical research field. Animals have been used for biomedical research since the historical times of Aristotle, the scientists...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Use of animals in psychological experiments for FREE!

Contact Us