Human Psychological Functioning - Essay Example

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The following essay entitled "Human Psychological Functioning" concerns human psychological process. As the author puts it, for many decades psychologists have looked for the causes of individual differences in cognitive ability and in personality…
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Human Psychological Functioning
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Download file to see previous pages Nature versus nurture debates can be viewed as a series of efforts to incorporate new scientific ideas and developments into the older classical formalist ideas because nature and nurture debates sprung from problems concerned with accommodating the formalist ideas of classical theory with modern theories and new scientific data. These debates describe the controversy that arises as a result of trying to ascertain the relative importance of hereditary biological makeup (nature) as compared to the influence of the environment (nurture) in the causation of human intelligence and behavior.
Both of these factors can cause a noticeable change among various individuals but only those variations that are caused by nature are said to be inherited, and these inherited factors are the basis of the subject of quantitative genetics. Some, like Dr. William Sheldon, go as far as saying that all human beings are invariably born with individual personality attributes or characteristics that determine whether a person will be introverted, sociable, nervy, or physically active. This might not be entirely true, as
“starting on a particular path does not absolutely guarantee that you will arrive at a particular destination, it just makes it more probable, and the further down a specific path you go, the greater this probability becomes.” Cooper, T. and Roth, I. (2002). Only in some rare circumstances is it completely acceptable to state that a trait is complete as a result of heredity or nature....
e debates describe the controversy that arises as a result of trying to ascertain the relative importance of hereditary biological make-up (nature) as compared to the influence of the environment (nurture) in the causation of human intelligence and behaviour.
Both of these factors can cause a noticeable change among various individuals but only those variations that are caused by nature are said to be inherited, and these inherited factors are the basis of the subject of quantitative genetics. Some, like Dr. William Sheldon go as far as saying that all human beings are invariably born with individual personality attributes or characteristics that determine whether a person will be introverted, sociable, nervy, or physically active. This might not be entirely true, as
"starting on a particular path does not absolutely guarantee that you will arrive at a particular destination, it just makes it more probable, and the further down a specific path you go, the greater this probability becomes." Cooper, T. and Roth, I. (2002). Only in some rare circumstances is it completely acceptable to state that a trait is completely as a result of heredity or nature. For example, In the case of some diseases that are have been identified as genetic diseases, like Huntington's disease, in which there is an almost 100 percent chance of having the disease if one has the identified gene, and vice versa.
It is common knowledge that a person's physical traits, like his hair color or eye color are determined his genes (nature), but the nature theory stipulates that other abstract human traits like sexual orientation, personality, and intelligence are also determined by the DNA constituents of an individual's genes.
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