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Personality traits - Essay Example

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The following essay entitled "Personality traits" is focused on the idea of Thematic Apperception Test. It is mentioned that the test aims to reveal personality traits through a person’s construction of stories in response to a given set of pictures. …
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Personality traits
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Download file to see previous pages The TAT is administered with the idea that the stories reveal personality characteristics. This is because people tend to interpret situations based on their past experiences and also according to their conscious as well as unconscious desires.
Murray had recommended the use of a selection of 20 cards for each subject depending on the nature of individual needs. However, many people use a selection of 10 to 14 cards. Out of the 31 cards, subsets have been created for girls, boys, men, and women. Many practitioners now do not segregate cards on the basis of gender. The subsets recommended are as follows:
11 pictures cards are meant for both male and female adults, 7 cards are for adult males & boys, 7 cards are for adult females & girls. There is 1 each for male & female adults, male and female children, a male child, female child and 1 blank card.
The TAT is very often used in conjunction with other tests and methods to provide a rich pool of data. This test is usually administered as an oral test but it can also be given as a written test. Over the years, many adaptations have been developed by various practitioners to suit different cultures and assessment needs.
The practicality of a test is a very important consideration before using it. Cost of the test, the time consumed, administration, scoring, and analysis are all very important aspects. For instance, a test which might take 10-12 hours is not at all feasible for both examiner and subjects....
The subsets recommended are as follows:
11 pictures cards are meant for both male and female adults, 7 cards are for adult males & boys, 7 cards are for adult females & girls. There is 1 each for male & female adults, male and female children, male child, female child and 1 blank card (Himelstein, n.d).
The TAT is very often used in conjunction with other tests and methods to provide a rich pool of data. This test is usually administered as an oral test but it can also be given as a written test. Over the years, many adaptations have been developed by various practitioners to suit different cultures and assessment needs. Likewise, many interpretations and scoring methods have been devised.
II. Practical considerations
Practicality of a test is a very important consideration before using it. Cost of the test, time consumed, administration, scoring and analysis are all very important aspects. For instance a test which might take 10-12 hours is not at all feasible for both examiner and subjects.
A. Cost: The test costs an amount of $62.95 as quoted on the Harvard University Press website. There are a number of online stores which take online orders. The prices vary and need to be compared before ordering. The kit includes picture cards, manual and sample scoring sheets. The test is reusable and a one time investment. The sample scoring sheets can be reproduced by photocopying.
B. Time limits: Originally, with use of 20 cards, the time taken was two hours. These two hours could also be broken into one hour sessions over two days. In recent times, with lesser number (10-12) of cards being used, the test finishes in approximately one hour and one sitting.
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