The Erikson Life-Stage Virtues - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
In the essay “The Erikson Life-Stage Virtues” the author looks at the life of Erik Erikson, one of the big names in the field of psychology and in the area of developmental psychology. He is the psychologist who coined the term, “identity crisis”…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98.3% of users find it useful
The Erikson Life-Stage Virtues
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "The Erikson Life-Stage Virtues"

Erik Erikson held the view that man had to pass through numerous stages, to attain full growth and development. According to his view, about eight different stages helped man attain his full growth. This was an improvement and a diversified opinion, as compared to that of Sigmund Freud's.

Erikson is often described by the adjective, Neo-Freudian since his concept was an extension of that of his mentor and yet, had its distinct quality. His theory of personality is a generic description of human life and the different stages it evolves through. Here is a list of the stages of man's life, as illustrated below

The Erikson life-stage virtues, in the order of the stages in which they may be acquired, are:
1. Hope - Basic Trust vs. Mistrust - Infant stage. Does the child believe its caregivers to be reliable
2. Will - Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt - Toddler stage. A child needs to learn to explore the world. Bad if the parent is too smothering or completely neglectful.
3. Purpose - Initiative vs. Guilt - Kindergarten - Can the child plan or do things on his own, such as dress himself. If "guilty" about making his own choices, the child will not function well.
4. Competence - Industry vs. Inferiority - Around age 6. Child comparing self-worth to others (such as in a classroom environment). The child can recognize major disparities in personal abilities relative to other children.
5. Fidelity - Identity vs. Role Confusion - Teenager. Questioning of self. Who am I, how do I fit in Can be observed through cliques one sees at a high school, eg - nerds, preps, emos all dressing the same.
6. Love (in intimate relationships, work, and family) - Intimacy vs. Isolation - Young adult. Who do I want to be with or date, what am I going to do with my life Will I settle down. This stage has begun to last longer as young adults choose to stay in school and not settle.
7. Caring - Generativity vs. Stagnation - the Mid-life crisis. Measure accomplishments/failures. Am I satisfied or not
8. Wisdom - Ego Integrity vs. Despair - old age. Some handle death well. Some can be bitter, unhappy, dissatisfied with what they accomplished or failed to accomplish within their lifetime.
Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(The Erikson Life-Stage Virtues Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words, n.d.)
The Erikson Life-Stage Virtues Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words. Retrieved from
(The Erikson Life-Stage Virtues Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
The Erikson Life-Stage Virtues Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words.
“The Erikson Life-Stage Virtues Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF The Erikson Life-Stage Virtues

Life Stage Summary

...? Life Stage Summary Life Stage Summary Counseling resolves various issues, and provides key information, that is often left unobserved or ignored, when the subject of childbirth and development arises. Humans are most vulnerable during infancy and toddler hood because these stages are full of critical moments of transition or crisis. That is why it becomes an integral task for every psychology, marriage, family, or addiction counselor, to have proper awareness about these critical stages. Physically, infants begin further development of the already intact sensory systems, and show unique reflexive behaviors. They develop their cognitive...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Erick Erikson Stage 8 the society. Contrary, failure in working, parenting, and nurturing, will lead to shallow participation in world, hence, stagnation. Therefore, at middle adulthood, an individual establishes their family and careers. Family and careers that are generativity will give or contribute back to the community by bringing up children and be productive in their careers. Maturity (65 years to death) The eighth stage of psychological development is maturity, where the basic conflict exists between ego integrity and despair. The major event is reflection on their entire life. Their important relationship is between “my kind and mankind” (Morris & Cavanaugh, 2010). Maturity has a virtue of wisdom....
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Crisis of Identity the ability to be close to others, as a lover, a friend, and as a participant in society." (Boeree, 2006). Hitherto, if there is a proper balance of what Erikson calls promiscuity and exclusion, and these are carefully negotiated, the virtue that will be carried for the rest of that life is called love. (30-65 / middle aged adult) - Psychosocial crisis: Generativity vs self-absorption Significant relations: Household, co-workers Psychosocial modalities: To make be, to take care of Psychosocial virtues: Care Maladaptations malignancies: Overextension, rejectivity This stage (stage 7) is that of middle adulthood, and includes all from...
14 Pages(3500 words)Essay

Explain and discuss Erikson and James Marcia's view of adolescent identity development

...Identity Development in adolescence – Erikson and Marcia The stage of adolescence comprises of the teenage essentially and this stage is extremely crucial in forming an individual’s personality. Several aspects change with respect to the way he sees himself and his surroundings. Hence studying this stage for the sake of understanding the growth process of a child into and adult is extremely crucial and most often this stage determines what he becomes in his life. The paper compares the theories of identity development during adolescence developed by Erikson and Marcia and brings out the common string as well as the...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Psychology: Human Development

...on social development. He was the founder of the now common phrase ‘identity crises’. The most significant development among the works of Eric Erikson was the innovation to have eight stages of human life span instead of five. Erikson was also one of the originators of ego psychology which went on to become a large school of thought. Erikson had eight life stage virtues that are helpful in understanding the lifespan model these virtues include hope, will, purpose, competence, fidelity, love, caring and wisdom (Berk, 2000). The Eriksonian thought depicted that development tool place in...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Eriksons stage of evelopemnt (Ego Integrity vs Despair)

...Ego integrity versus despair Erick Erickson develops a developmental and life cycle of human development (Carducci, 2006). This model of explaining human development contains diverse stages that show the psychological and physiological dynamics. Ego integrity versus despair is a psychosocial stage in Erickson’s model of explaining life cycle and human development (Fry, 1989). According to Erickson’s psychosocial perspective, the ego integrity versus despair is the last stage of development in human life. This stage can be directly associated with the late adulthood features. It coincides with the age of sixty five years...
1 Pages(250 words)Article

Universal Virtues

... essential virtues. They form the basis of an individual’s life which enables him to make wise decisions and to be brave when dealing with others. The six universal virtues are the keys to a successful life that ensures togetherness in a community or in an organization. References Chiles, V. (2007). Happiness in five minutes a day. [Reading, PA]: The Author Seligman, M. E. P. (2002). Authentic happiness. New York: Free Press.... Universal virtues Universal Virtues Courage, wisdom, temperance, humanity, and transcendence make up the universal virtues (Seligman, (2002). I agree with Seligman statement because the six...
1 Pages(250 words)Coursework

What are my virtues

...Teacher According to you, what is virtue? 98 Virtue for me is an ideal character that I must strive to achieve to become a betterperson. To achieve it, I must abide by a set of rules or ethics that would guide my conduct and demeanor to become virtuous. 2. List five (5) virtues that are critical to you and are present in your daily life. Critical means those virtues that must be present in your life. For example, Professor Chang believes punctuality is a virtue, but is it a critical virtue? Probably not. The critical values that are present in my daily life are integrity, fairness,...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Any health issue in a life stage

.... Studies have noted the possible interplay between family breakdown and the onset of mental illnesses. This is especially true for children at an early stage of life. Witnessing the divorce and or separation of parents is always a deeply a traumatizing experience for children (Pynoos, Steinberg & Piacentini, 1999). The breakdown of the family structure as in the case of Ayer’s occasioned by the divorce and the social stigma that accompanied it was particularly devastating. This was made worse by the fact that the mother moved out with him and remarried twice. In both cases, he did not get along well with the step fathers and the step siblings who resulted from theses remarriages. These stressful events...
3 Pages(750 words)Book Report/Review


...about climate change and global warming. Through art, I aspire to inspire others to play their role in this effort. My reputation with my family is that of honesty. This has built trust among between other family members and I. Though I have my flaws, they can count on me to be honest. My honesty extends to my friends. Honesty is a core part of relationships that builds trust. However, I will be silent if the truth is sensitive to avoid misreading the situation. Online, I will participate in inspirational groups and post inspirational messages. However, I like to keep my social life with my friends and not online.   References Hutchens, J. (2013). The Coaching Calendar: daily inspiration from the Stress-less Coach....
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic The Erikson Life-Stage Virtues for FREE!

Contact Us