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Social Psychology Theories - Literature review Example

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The paper “Social Psychology Theories” gives guidance to social workers - for a better understanding of the person's development, it should be assessed in the context of his environment. The life-span perspective and principle of life stage allow you to better understand the human's priorities.  …
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Social Psychology Theories
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Download file to see previous pages Lewin’s field theory (1951) states that behavior may be derived from overall coexisting factors. The so-called “coexisting facts” create a dynamic field which can be referred to as any component of the field that depends on each other’s part. It further indicates that the behavior of an individual relies on the present field and not on the past or its future. Note that this theory seemed contrasting to the theory of associationism as well as the belief of theology.  Theory of associationism stipulates that the past is basically the cause of behavior, while the belief of theology states that, the cause of behavior is the future. The field referred to in Lewin’s theory is the living space that consists of the person with his or her psychological environment. Life space can also be the places where the person have been to or will still be going, his or her feelings to the said place, the events and people existing in the said place/s. On the other hand, Lewin’s theory of change explains that, the entire process in terms of facilitating as well as its associated hindering factors that individual or group encounters can consequently bring change. Together with this process, the organization will enable to meet human anxieties, create the new equilibrium supporting the change. Like in social works or services, several changes may be carried upon, and there is expected resistance because of certain unknown fears. Fears about coping up of their roles and responsibilities, persons promoting the changes, or perhaps, fear about the technology that the change can bring about.
Another theory from Festinger (1957) is called cognitive dissonance. Cognitive dissonance is focused on the relationships among cognitions. Cognition may be considered as a piece of knowledge. In the same way, knowledge may be considered as n emotion, an attitude, a behavior, a value, etc. Festinger theorized that individuals are motivated by the unpleasant condition of dissonance to get involved in psychological work, so as to decrease the inconsistency; this work will basically support the cognition at most resistant to change. Individuals have a multitude of cognitions and these cognitions shape consonant, irrelevant, or dissonant connections with one another. Dissonance can be experienced as something uncomfortable. Individuals are motivated to decrease dissonance that is experienced by changing cognitions, or by adding cognitions or changing the relevance of the cognition. In most cases, the relationship of attitude and the amount of justification that is provided to get involve with the attitude-discrepant behavior is inversely proportional. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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