Nobody downloaded yet

Schizophrenic Processing - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Historically, patients of schizophrenia have struggled with the ways in which they receive and categorize information: specifically, the way that they group parts of a stimulus into object representations (Cox & Leventhal, 1978; Place & Gilmore, 1980; Silverstein et…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98.4% of users find it useful
Schizophrenic Processing
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Schizophrenic Processing"

Download file to see previous pages As a result of their 1996 study, Silverstein, Matteson and Knight have concluded that the impairment results from a top-down impairment, specifically "in the ability to utilize contextual information" that acts as a "major factor in schizophrenia patients' perceptual organization difficulties." In their experiment, schizophrenic patients experienced the same level of confusion from a human voice imitating a sheep as that from what they thought was an actual sheep's voice, whereas the control group ceased having confusion once they learned that the voice was actually an animal, instead of a human. It is this lack of ability to adjust to reduction of ambiguity in context that is the basis of their findings.
Because these findings are similar in their relation to perseveration to other studies (Heaton, 1981; Lysaker & Bell, 1994), they do not represent a "leap of faith" nor require unconventional assumptions. Because these findings appear to more closely identify the source of the impairment as an "inability to utilize explicit contextual information" (Silverman et. al., 1996), however, they do add to the general understanding of impairments in top-down processing.
The key measurement in identifying the source of the impairment of top-down processing was the contrast betw...
The control group had a much easier time memorizing the group of numbers, once they knew that the sheep sound was not also made by a human voice, but was rather the product of an actual sheep. The schizophrenic group, however, did not improve in their ability to memorize the list of numbers, even after the authenticity of the sheep was made clear. The definitions of these groups within the testing population were made clear, as were the criteria for statistical and clinical significance. The definitions of terms, and of the handling of the experiment, are sufficiently clear to make the process easily duplicable.
The Silverman claim about top-down processing generates a significant need for further research. The authors note a need for aid in "determining if an auditory perceptual organization deficit is as specific to schizophrenia as its visual counterpart appears to be" (1996), as well as an analysis as to whether the perceptual organizational deficit is connected to one or more of the specific symptoms of schizophrenia. Because of this need for further research, the Silverman claim remains at the "descriptive" level of power. It does not speak toward influence of outcomes, or anything approaching prediction or control - however, it does permit discriminations in experience and identify specific relationships in top-down processing impairment. For their claim to be rejected, a control group would have to react to the identification of the stimulus' context in a much more similar fashion to the schizophrenia group than did the two groups in their study. If their claim is upheld by further research, however, the isolation of the source of top-down processing impairment could well be the first step towards ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Schizophrenic Processing Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words”, n.d.)
Schizophrenic Processing Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/psychology/1518514-schizophrenic-processing
(Schizophrenic Processing Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words)
Schizophrenic Processing Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words. https://studentshare.org/psychology/1518514-schizophrenic-processing.
“Schizophrenic Processing Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/psychology/1518514-schizophrenic-processing.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Schizophrenic Processing

Processing Petroleum

...molecular makeup of crude oil varies from location to location as mentioned above however the chemical elements required to form crude oil vary over a fairly narrow margin. (Speight, 1999) The major hydrocarbon components of crude oil include paraffins, naphthenes, aromatics and asphaltics which display consistency in their presence in crude oil. The variation in these hydrocarbon components determines the exact properties of the crude oil in question. (Hyne, 2001) Crude oil contains a number of lighter more usable factions such as HFO, LFO, diesel, gasoline and a number of components for isomers of various kinds, asphalt etc. These factions can only be separated if crude oil is subjected to various processes. The...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Signal Processing

...? Signal Processing Adaptive Filtering Introduction With the current technological advancements, digital signal processing remains amajor player with its application being found in noise filtering, voice prediction and system identification. An example if a signal processing system is the filter. Filtering refers to an operation in signal processing that processes a signal with the aim of manipulating the information it contains. Therefore, a filter maps an input signal to another output signal, thus extracting the desired information that the input signal contains. One of these digital signal processing techniques is adaptive filtering. Adaptive Filters Haykin (2006) defines an adaptive filter as a system which is self-designing... ...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Auditory Hallucination in Schizophrenic Illness

.... When the brain recognises that there is excessive dopamine, symptoms which are schizophrenic appear. Schizophrenic patients also have more dopamine receptors than people without it (Barkus et al., 2007). Glutamate is also associated with schizophrenia. It has a major role in the forming and encoding of memory. It is also thought to have a function in learning. When glutamate receptors are blocked for instance when one takes PCP, there is reported paranoia that is also a symptom of schizophrenia. Schizophrenic patients have been found to possess lower levels of glutamate compared to normal people. The two neurotransmitters interaction is said to be at the core of schizophrenia since...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Bentonite Processing

... Bentonite Processing Bentonite is an industrial rock that occurs naturally. This rock has the water absorbing property as well asBase Exchange capacity. These two properties are far much better than the propertiespossessed by kaolin and plastic clay. Water absorption by bentonite makes the rock to considerable increase in volume. Besides increase in volume, this rock forms gelatinous mass. Sodium, organo-clay, activate clay and calcium montmorillonite are the products which are obtained when bentonite is processed. These by-products have numerous uses. Some of the areas of application are foundry, palletizing, engineering construction and in agriculture. Bentonite can be used for water-tight sealing due...
9 Pages(2250 words)Assignment

Information Processing

...Information Processing 2007 Information processing Our sensory receptors are constantly under the influence of multiple signals, and though these can act independently from each other (e.g. sounds and smells), the human brain is able to combine them into images and scenes, therefore creating a whole picture of the surrounding world: Like energy, indeed, information has become ubiquitous as a commodity and, like energy, inescapable as an idea. The thesis that the human mind is nothing more than an information-processing device is now widely regarded as a fact. (Berlinski 2001, p. 17) The way human brain processes information about the outer world depends on different...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Coffee Processing

...Coffee Processing Currently, coffee has gained the reputation of being the most widely drank beverage. The popularity and proliferation of coffee houses and specialty coffee distributors like Starbucks and Green Mountain is a concrete evidence of its wide acceptance and patronage. You might have noticed how enjoyable it is to sip a cup of coffee at the start or even any hour of the day. What you often fail to think about is where and how the delicious frappuccino you enjoy at Starbucks is made. Oftentimes, your main concern is consumption without the rigorous process. However, you will enjoy coffee more if you learn how to process it. It is even a good idea to process...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Violence in schizophrenic patients

...is among the top 10 disabling conditions worldwide for young adults. Jaeger J, Berns SM, Czobor P (2003) &Wu EQ, Birnbaum HG, Shi L, et al (2002) This particular disease is a great cause for concern and research on the subject is a continuous process and runs into billions each year. However, there is no major gender issues involved where the prevalence of the disease is concerned. Therefore, one of the top most priorities today is to provide good mental health services and better support to schizophrenic patients across the globe. Schizophrenia is not a disease relating to a split personality but on the other hand it is a disorder that is closely related to an individual's emotions and thought...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

Waste Processing

...The of Art In Waste Processing Introduction Biffa is one of the leading integrated waste management business companies in U.K. It works for waste collection, treatment and recycling of waste. Its disposal services include 75,000 local and national customers in the industrial, commercial and municipal sectors. Its special waste division operates throughout the U.K. including specialist transfer stations, liquid treatment plants and a dedicated fleet of specialised vehicles. Incorporating work on such a high scale it becomes necessary to understand its capacity, costs and legislation issues along with how the state of art facility goes well with its waste processing methods. Biffa's business or waste...
34 Pages(8500 words)Coursework

Face Processing

...Face Processing Face processing can be a very difficult thing to do, especially for older people. According to Gazzaniga (2004),"It was discovered that neurogenesis occurs in brain areas that meditate song learning" (pp. 127). We can learn new things through songs. Would song help older people learn face recognition It is possible. But, one must ask, is there anything special about faces a category that would be identifiable There are three characteristics which must be taken into consideration: the biological and evolutionary; the neuropsychological and cognitive; and the functional neuroimaging. The biological and evolutionary aspects of face processing goes back to our...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Word Processing

...COMPUTER SCIENCES AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY WORD PROCESSING Introduction The Mac computers and the PC differ in their particular features when they are compared in word aspect. The top features of a PC differ from the feature of the Mac computers in many ways. The PC provides scope for total customization since anyone can start working with it from the scratch in order to build it his own way. The PCs also have quality software compatibility compared to Mac which fits well with other Apple product such as iPad or iPod and iPhones (Towers, 45). Another point is that PCS are less expensive compared to Mac computers which are expensive. Many people therefore access PCs since they are affordable rather than...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Schizophrenic Processing for FREE!

Contact Us