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Applied Business Psychology - Essay Example

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This paper discusses the concept of stress in the workplace including its nature and sources with the evaluation of the approaches to its alleviation being adopted in business. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) defines job stress as the harmful physical and emotional responses that occur when the requirements of the job do not match the capabilities, resources, or needs of the worker.
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Applied Business Psychology
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Naturally, stress is the body's imprecise reaction to any demand made on it. It influences people in different ways and is consequently an extremely individual condition. Particular events may be relatively stressful to one person but not to another. Additionally, the outcome of stress is not always negative. For instance, mild stress essentially develops productivity, and it can be useful in developing innovative ideas.
Stress is the occurrence of opportunities or threats that people recognize as significant and also recognize they might not be able to handle or deal with successfully. A number of significant aspects of stress are emphasized in this definition. First, as previously discussed, stress can be experienced because of both opportunities and threats. An opportunity is something that will likely benefit a person. A threat, on the other hand, is something that has the possibility to harm a person. If employees lack self-effectiveness and fear that they will not be able to carry out at an adequate level, opportunities such as learning new skills or getting a new job can be stressful. Stress can be experience by employees when an organization reduces the size of its workforce since their financial security, psychological well-being, and career development are threatened. It is comprehensible that having to work on long hours causes employees to experience stress as it threatens their family lives.
Sources of Workplace Stress
The sources of workplace stress may engage physical working conditions, work overload, role indistinctness, lack of feedback, personality, personal and family problems, or role conflict. Other sources of stress in the workplace can be broken down and specifically discussed as with the following:
Task complexity. This source of stress talks about to the number of diverse demands made on the worker. A job distinguished as being too complex may cause feelings of insufficiency and result in emotional stress. In the same way, repetitive and monotonous work may lack complexity in order that the worker becomes bored and discontented with the job and probably experiences some stress related with the boredom.
Another source of workplace stress is the control over the job assignment. When workers partake in determining the work routine as well as schedule and selection of tasks, most workers experience less stress. A number of studies have signified that workers choose to take control of their job assignment and experience less workload stress provided with this opportunity (Grandjean 1998). A correlated source of stress that has been established in the period of high technology is from electronic monitoring. According to the study "Electronic Monitoring Causes Worker Stress" (1990) conducted at the University of Wisconsin at Madison, "Video display terminal workers who are electronically monitored suffered greater health problems than those who are not."
The feeling of responsibility for safety and wellbeing of family members possibly will create workplace stress. Taking responsibility for the welfare of his or her family can cause a worker to feel that choices to take employment risks are limited. A worker could then recognize that he or she is ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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