Human Development and Personality - Essay Example

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The paper 'Human Development and Personality' presents a summary of Sigmund Freud, Jean Piaget, and George Herbert Meade theories, how they compare, how they differ, and the parts they play in the nature vs. nurture debate…
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Download file to see previous pages Freud’s theory of personality wasn’t at all detailed, but at the same time was quite influential in the world of Psychology. It is said that Freud “distinguished between the conscious, preconscious, and the unconscious. The conscious is the part that we are aware of. It includes our present thoughts and activities.” (Unknown, p.1) The unconscious, on the other hand, “includes all the aspects of our personality that we are not aware of” (Unknown, p.1) and “the preconscious is the part of personality that we may not be thinking about, but which we can easily remember.” (Unknown, p.1)
Freud believed that the unconscious and the preconscious were nothing compared to the unconscious. He thought the unconscious to be this very powerful aspect of human personality that included evil thoughts, immoralities, and “the desire to murder one’s parents.” These are just a few of the maniacal traits that Freud associated with the unconscious (Unknown, p.1).
He felt that those terrible things that are a part of the unconscious try to intrude upon the conscious, but that there is a “censor” that distorts this information to keep it from making its way into the conscious. This censor scrambles the signal and makes the memories coming from the unconscious seem like unimportant thoughts. And he believed that this is why when we dream our dreams make absolutely no sense. He thought dreams to be that of a wish coming from the unconscious, but that the signal is distorted as a protection method for the conscious. Yet sometimes the censor doesn't succeed and a nightmare may result (unknown, p.1).

Then there is Freud's legendary theory of the Id, Ego, and the Superego. When translated from Freud's native German, Id means "The It, " Ego means "The I," and Superego means "The Above-I." The Id is the part of us that tells us to do something and the superego is the idealistic one. This concept is where the metaphor of having a little devil (the Id) and a little angel (the Superego) on each shoulder pulling the unsuspecting person in two completely different directions originated from. Therefore, the Id is more into the pleasure side of life, whereas the superego is more idealistic. But it is the Ego that hears the bickering between the Id and the Superego and puts a stop to it. The Ego is not idealistic, nor is it pleasure-driven. The Ego is realistic and this realism results in the making of a decision that is in the best interest of the person (unknown, p.1).

Freud believed that a newborn is primarily Id because it does not care about anything except its needs being met. It is when the child becomes aware of itself and its placement within the world that it can be said the Ego develops. By learning through parents about what is right, wrong, etc. is when the Superego develops, but Id and Superego remain within the unconscious while the Ego remains in the conscious (Unknown, p.1).

Freud also put his theory to work with the fact that the demands of the Id and Superego cause the Ego to experience certain degrees of anxiety. These anxieties come in the form of reality anxiety because of the pressures of the outside world, moral anxiety that is inflicted on the ego by the superego, and ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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